Perbedaan Tekanan Darah Sebelum dan Sesudah Pekerja Kopi Terpajan Kebisingan di Penggilingan Padi

  • Muhammad Amin Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Bengkulu
  • Rita Rosari Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Bengkulu
  • Yenida Yenida Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Bengkulu

Abstract

This study aims to determine differences in blood pressure before and after workers exposed to noise in rice and coffee milling in Kepahiang Regency. This research was conducted in July 2017 with quantitative research type and research design which used pre experimental design with one group pretest posttest approach. The sampling technique used is total sampling with sample is 22 workers at point 1 had increased sistole blood pressure (39.29%) and 17 workers at point 2 did not increase Sistole blood pressure (30.36%). While for diastolic blood pressure, there were 14 workers at point 1 had an increase in diastolic blood pressure (25%) and 18 workers point 2 did not increase diastolic blood pressure (30%). Based on Wil Coxon Signed Ranks Test statistical results obtained p = 0.000 <α (0.05) for blood pressure of laborer systole point 1, p = 0.000 <α (0.05) for blood pressure sistole worker point 2, p = 0.000 <α (0.05 ) for diastolic blood pressure point 2, and p = 0.002 <α (0.05) for the worker's diastolic blood pressure at point 2. So there is a significant difference in blood pressure before and after workers exposed to noise in rice and coffee milling in Kepahiang Regency.  

Keywords: Blood Pressure, Noisy

References

Aaronson, P.I., Ward, J.P.T. (2010). At a Glance Sistem Kardiovaskular. Jakarta: Erlangga

Aluko, E.O., & Nna, V.U. (2015). Impact of Noise Pollution on Human Cardiovascular System. International Journal of Tropical Disease & Health 6 (2): 35-43

Andri, J., Waluyo, A., Jumaiyah, W., & Nastashia, D. (2018). Efektivitas Isometric Handgrip Exercise dan Slow Deep Breathing Exercise terhadap Perubahan Tekanan Darah pada Penderita Hipertensi. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 2(1): 371-384. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v2i1.382

Andrina Yunita. (2003). Gangguan Pendengaran Akibat Bising. Sumatera Utara: Fakultas Kedokteran USU

Babisch, W., Pershagen, G., Selander, J., Houthuijs, D., Breugelmans, O., Cadum, E., et al. (2013). Noise Annoyance-A Modifier of the Association Between Noise Level and Cardiovascular Health? Journal Science of the Total Environment, 50-57.

Basner, M., Babisch, W., Davis, A., Brink, M., Clark, C., Janssen, S., et al. (2014). Auditory and Non-Auditory Effect of Noise on Health. NIH Public Accces, 1- 18.

Budiono, A. M. S. (2003). Bunga Rampai Hiperkes dan Keselamatan Kerja. Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro

Departemen Kesehatan, RI. (2009). Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja. Pusat Kesehatan Kerja

Dwiyanti, E., Marji., Fanani, E. (2018). Pengaruh Intensitas Kebisingan terhadap Tekanan Darah dan Denyut Nadi pada Mahasiswa Peserta Praktikum Pengelasan II di Universitas Negeri Malang. Preventia : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health. 3(1)

Eny Hastuti, Onny Setiani, Nurjazuli. (2005). Faktor-Faktor Resiko Kenaikan Tekanan Darah Pada Pekerja Yang Terpajan Kebisingan Di Bandara Ahmad Yani Semarang. JKLI, 4 (2)

Foraster, M., Kunzli, n., Aguilera, I., Rivera, M., Agis, D., Vila, J. (2014). High Blood Presure and Long-Term Exposure to Indoor Noise and Air Pollution from Road Traffic. Journal Environmental Health Perspectives, 122 (11): 1193-1200

F.S,Gill.J.M,Harrington. (2003). Buku Saku Kesehatan Kerja Edisi ke 3. Jakarta:

Guyton, Hall. (1997). Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran. Jakarta: EGC

Huldani. (2012). Kebisingan Mempengaruhi Tekanan Darah Pekerja PT.PLN (Persero) sektor Barito PLTD Trisakti, Banjarmasin. Jurnal CDK-199 39 (11): 813-816.

Jenni, Babba. (2007). Hubungan Intensitas Kebisingan Lingkungan Kerja dengan Peningkatan Tekanan Darah (Pemeliharaan Pada Karyawan PT. Semen Tonasa di Kabupaten Pangkep Sulawesi Selatan. Universitas Diponegoro Semarang

Jumali, Sumadi, Andriani, S., Subhi, M., Suprijanto, D., Handayani, W. D. (2013). Prevalensi dan Faktor Risiko Tuli Akibat Bising pada Operator Mesin Kapal Feri. Kesmas, Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat 7 (12): 545-555.

Kalantary, S., Dehghani, A., Yekaninejad, M. S., Omidi, L., & Rahimzadeh, M. (2015). The Effects of Occupational Noise on Blood

Liu J, Xu M, Ding L, Zhang H, Pan L, Liu Q. (2016). Prevalence of Hypertension and Noise - Induced Hearing Loss in Chinese Coal Miners. Journal of Thoracic Disease 8 (3): 422-429

Meena. (2011). The Study of the Effect of Sounds of Constant Frequency and Varying Intensity Levels on Systolic Blood Pressure, Diastolic Blood Pressure and Heart Rate of Healthy Individuals. Annals of Faculty Engineering Hunedora-International Journal of Engineering 9 (3): 107-109.

Mortimer. (2011). Effect of short-term isometric handgrip training on blood pressure in middle-aged females, 22(5). Retrieved from www.cvja.co.za

NIOSH. (2015). NIOSH. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (online) http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/noise/stats.html

Novi Arifiani. (2004). Pengaruh Kebisingan Terhadap Kesehatan Tenaga Kerja. Cermin Dunia Kedokteran No. 144
OSHA. (2016). OSHA. (online) https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/noisehearingconservation/index.html.

Pangemanan, D., Engka, J., & Kalesaran, A. (2012). Pengaruh Pajanan Bising terhadap Pendengaran dan Tekanan Darah pada Pekerja Game Center di Kota Manado. Jurnal Biomedik, 4 (3): 133-140

Peraturan Menteri Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi. (2011). Nilai Ambang Batas Faktor Fisika dan Faktor kimia di Tempat Kerja

Recio, A., Linares, C., Banegas, J. r., & Diaz, J. (2016). Road Traffic Noise Effects on Cardiovascular, Respiratory, and Metabolic Health: An Integrative Model of Biological Mechanisms. Journal Environmental Research 146: 359-370.

Singhal, S., Yadaf, B., Hashmi, S., & Muzammil, M. (2009). Effects of Workplace Noise on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate.

Siswati, & Adriyani, R. (2017). Hubungan Pajanan Kebisingan dengan Tekanan Darah dan Denyut Nadi pada Pekerja Industri Kemasan Semen. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, 16 (1): 29-36.

Souza, T. C., Perisse, A. R., & Moura, M. (2015). Noise Exposure and Hypertension: Investigation of a Silent Relationship. Journal BioMed Central Public Health 15, (328): 1-9.

Shuchang Chen, Yawin Ni, Lei Zhang, Liya Kong, Luying Lu, Zhangping Yang, et al. (2017). Noise Exposure in Occupational Setting Associated with Elevated Blood Pressure in China. Journal BMC Publich Health 17 (107): 1-7.

Zamanian, Z., Rostami, R., Hasanzadeh, J., & Hashemi, H. (2013). Investigation of the Effect of Occupational Noise Exposure on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate of Steel Industry Workers. Journal of Environmental and Public Health: 1-3.
Published
2019-04-17
How to Cite
Amin, M., Rosari, R., & Yenida, Y. (2019). Perbedaan Tekanan Darah Sebelum dan Sesudah Pekerja Kopi Terpajan Kebisingan di Penggilingan Padi. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 1(1), 27-37. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v1i1.516
Abstract viewed = 40 times
pdf downloaded = 56 times