Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif dan Kemandirian Belajar Matematika Siswa Melalui Model Problem Based Learning

  • Rika Silviani Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika STKIP Bumi Persada Lhokseumawe

Abstract

This study aimed to (1) describe students' creative thinking skills during the learning process by using PBL model, (2) find out the improvement of students' creative thinking skills after using the PBL model, and (3) describe student learning independence during the learning process by using PBL model. This study uses mixed method research with concurrent embedded strategy. The sample was selected by random sampling, namely students of class VIII-3, which were consisted of 28 students from all eighth grade of SMP Negeri 16 Banda Aceh. The instruments in this study were daily description test, observation and questionnaire. These instruments were used to obtain data of the improvement of students' creative thinking abilities after using the PBL model were pre-test and post-test, and also the instruments which were used to describe student learning independence during the learning process by using PBL model. The result of data analysis in the daily description test and observation used the assessment rubric of creative thinking skills with qualitative descriptive method. Pre-test and post-test results were analyzed by statistical test using SPSS version 22 software for Windows, and the results of the learning independence questionnaires were analyzed by using a Likert scale and percentage. The result of the study showed that students are creative in solving problems related to the comparison during the PBL model in learning process. Thus, there was an improvement in students' creative thinking skills after using PBL learning model. The result of this study also showed that students have learning independence during the PBL model in learning process.

Keywords: Problem Based Learning Model (PBL), Creative Thinking Ability, Learning Independence.

References

Bingolbali, E. (2011). Multiple Solution to Problems in Mathematics Teaching: Do Teachers Really Value Them?. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 36(1), 18-31.

Budiyanto, A. M. dan Rohaeti, E. E. (2014). Mengembangkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif dan Kemandirian Belajar Siswa SMA melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah. Jurnal Program Pascasarjana STKIP Siliwangi Bandung, 19(2), 166-172.

Choridah, D. T. (2013). Peran Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Komunikasi dan Berpikir Kreatif serta Disposisi Matematis Siswa SMA. Jurnal Ilmiah Program Studi Matematika STKIP Siliwangi Bandung, 2(2), 194-202.

Creswell, J. W. (2010). Research Design: Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Mixed. (Terjemahan Achmad Fawaid). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. (Buku asli diterbitkan tahun 2009).

Hancock, C. L. (1995). Enhancing Mathematics Learning with Open-Ended Questions. The Mathematics Teacher, 88(6), 496-499.

Huang, Kuo-shu and Tzu-Pu Wang. (2012). Applying Problem Based Learning (PBL) in University. The Journal of International Management Studies, 7(1), 121-127.

Khoiri, W. (2013). Problem Based Learning berbantuan Multimedia dalam Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika UNNES, 2(1), 114-121.

Mulyono, A. (2003).Pendidikan bagi Anak Berkesulitan Belajar. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Munandar, U. (2009). Pengembangan Kreativitas Anak Berbakat. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Nasution, P. R. (2015). Perbedaan Peningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Matematis dan Kemandirian Belajar Siswa pada Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah dan Pembelajaran Konvensional di SMPN 4 Padangsidempuan. Jurnal Paradikma, 8(3), 38-50.

Noer, S. H. (2011). Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Matematis dan Pembelajaran Matematika Berbasis Masalah open-ended. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 5(1), 104-111.

Rusmono. (2012). Strategi Pembelajaran dengan Problem Based Learning itu perlu. Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia

Saefuddin, A. A. (2012). Pengembangan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif dalam Pembelajaran Matematika dengan Pendekatan Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonasia (PMRI). Jurnal Universitas PGRI Yogyakarta, 4(1), 37-48.

Suherman, E. (2003). Strategi Pembelajaran Matematika Kontemporer. Bandung: Jurusan Pendidikan Matematika FPMIPA UPI.
Published
2018-12-20
How to Cite
Silviani, R. (2018). Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif dan Kemandirian Belajar Matematika Siswa Melalui Model Problem Based Learning. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika (JUDIKA EDUCATION), 1(2), 105-116. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/judika.v1i2.381
Abstract viewed = 9 times
pdf downloaded = 1 times