A Sociolinguistic Study on Joke In Ghostbusters 2016
The objectives of the research were to describe the forms and the functions of joke in Ghostbusters 2016 movie. The researcher used descriptive qualitative method in classifying and analyzing the forms and functions of joke. Ghostbusters 2016 movie was chosen as object of the research. The researcher used documentation in collecting the data. Technique for analyzing the data was identification, classification, reduction, description and conclusion. The result of the research: 1) form; 5 words (proper noun, determiner, uncountable noun), 7 phrases (prepositional phrase, noun phrase, verb phrase), and 59 sentences (simple sentence, complex sentence, compound sentence, imperative sentence, exclamatory sentence). 2) function; joke to build sense of togetherness in informal setting that was used in close relationship 10 jokes, joke to amuse others and her or him self in informal setting that was used in close relationship 22 jokes, joke to hostile others with violent behavior and teasing in informal setting that was used in distant relationship 10 jokes. In brief, the most frequent form and function was used in Ghostbusters 2016 movie was simple sentence and using joke to amuse others and her or him self in informal setting that was used in close relationship was the most frequent used in Ghostbusters 2016 movie.
Keyword: sociolinguistics, joke, comedy movie, ghostbusters
Aronoff, M., & Miller, J. R. (2001). The handbook of linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Asih, R. (2016). 10 film terpopuler tahun 2016 versi IMBd. Retrieved from http://showbiz.liputan6.com/read/2683672/10-film-terpopuler-tahun-2016- versi-imdb.
Berger, A. A. (1995). Blind men and elephants: Perspectives on humor. New Brunswick and London: Transaction Pubslishers.
Carnie, A. (2013). Syntax: A Generative Introduction (3rd ed.). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Cole, J. (2013). Laughter is the best medicine: The importance of live comedy [Web log post]. Retrieved from
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design (3rd ed.). Los Angeles: SAGE Publication, Inc.
Davidson, G. (2003). Phrases, Clauses and Sentences. Tagore Lane, Singapore:Leraners Publishing.
D'Alessandro, A. (2016). ‘Ghostbusters’: how its $46M opening creates quandary – weekend box office postmortem. Retrieved from http://deadline.com/2016/07/ghostbusters-weekend-box-office1201787149/
Fraenkel, J. R., & Wallen, N. E. (2009). How to design and evaluate research in education (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Company.
Guisti, N, R and Budiharjo, B. (2015). An Analysis of Joke Translation in Date Night Movie. Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Studi Amerika, 21(1), 11-17.
Holmes, J. (2013). An introduction to sociolinguistics (4th ed.). New York:Routledge.
Martin, S. (2013). Humorous text: A pragmatic analysis of lubukusu joke (Undergraduate thesis). University of Nairobi, Kenya. Retrieved http://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke:8080/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11295/63124/situma_Humorous%20texts%3A%20a%20pragmatic%20analysis%20of% 20Lubukusu%20Jokes%20?sequence=3&isAllowed=y
Meyer, J. C. (2000). Humor as a double-edged sword: Four functions of humor in communication. Communication Theory 10(3), 310-331. Retrieved from http://econoca.unica.it/public/downloaddocenti/MEYER%20- %20FOUR%20FUNCTIONS%20OF%20HUMOR%20IN%20COMMUN ICATION.pdf
Patrika, R. (n.d). What is the importance of jokes in our daily life [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://medium.com/@rajasthanpatrika01/what-is- the- importance-of-jokes-in-our-daily-life-987ca276943a#.hebjo01bz
Richard, J. C, & Schmidt, R. (1985). Longman Dictionary of Applied Linguistics. Harlow, Essex: Longman Group Limited.
Villevort, V. (2014). Cultural aspects of language.understanding jokes. pp. 13.Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/7590586/CULTURAL_ASPECTS_OF_LANGUAGE_Understanding_Jokes_Term_Paper_Language_in_Use_SS_2013 14_Table_of_Contents.
Wardhaugh, R. (2006). An introduction to sociolinguistics. Oxford: BlackwellPublishing.
Yates, M., & Hasmath, R. (2016). When a joke is more than a joke: Humor as a form of networked practice in the chinese cyber public sphere. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2672446