Indonesian EFL Students’ Learning Styles

  • Nostalgianti Citra Prystiananta IKIP PGRI JEMBER


This research aims at investigating students’ learning styles of Accounting Program of AAK PGRI Jember in learning English as Foreign Language. EFL students have their own ways in learning English which they think as the most enjoyable way to a better comprehension of the material. By investigating their learning styles in learning English, teachers may know the best ways to treat their students to reach a better improvement. In this research, the sample was 41 students from three different academic years who were learning EFL. The data were collected through questionnaire and interview. The questionnaire contained 30 items of statements about 6 learning styles according to questionnaire by Reid (1987). An open-ended interview was conducted to support quantitative data gained from questionnaires. The result presents that students of Accounting Program of AAK PGRI Jember most preferred Visual style (44%) as their style in learning English. And Individual style (4%) as the least preferred style. It can be concluded that students of Accounting Program of AAK PGRI Jember enjoy learning English best by the assistance of pictures, charts, and videos because they can comprehend the material better. They also did not enjoy to learn individually because they were not independent type of student who enjoy being alone.

Keywords: TEFL, Language Learning Styles


Broughton, G, Brumfit, C, Flavell, R., Hill, P., & Pincas, A., (2003). Teaching English as a foreign language. New York: Routledge.

Candraningrum, D. (2008). The challenge of teaching English in Indonesian’s Muhammadiyah universities (1958-2005). Munster: the Deutsche National bibliothek.

Chesire, J, (1999). English around the world: Sociolinguistic perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chomsky, N. (1966). Topics in the theory of generative grammar. Netherlands: Mouton&Co. N. V.

Cox, D. E., Sproles, E. K., & Sproles, G. B. (1988). Learning style variations between rural and urban students. Research in rural education. 5 (1), 27-31. Retrieved June 10, 2017 from

Dewi, A. (2014). Perception of English: A study of staff and students at university in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Dunn, O. (2014). Introducing English to Young Children: Spoken language. London: HarperCollins.
Featherstone, S. (2014). Learning to learn. New York: Bloomsburry.

Flemming, N. D. & Mills, C. (1992). Not another inventory, Rather a catalyst for relfection: To improve the academy. 11, 137-155. Retrieved October 10, 2017 from

Ghafoor-Davis, K. V. (2011). Real talk: Ten parenting strategies to raise confident successful children. Retrieved March 15,2017 from dq=language+learning+styles+VAK&hl=en&sa=X

Gleitman, L. (1993). A Human Universal: The Capacity to Learn a Language. Modern Philology, 90, S13-S33. Retrieved from

Harmer, J. (2003). The practice of English language teaching. Essex: Longman.

Keqiang, W. (1986). Teaching English as a Foreign Language in China. TESL Canada journal. 3 (1) . Retrieved September 10, 2017 from

LeFever, M. (2004). Learning Styles. Colorado Springs: David C. Cook.

Malone, S.A. (2003). Learning about learning. London: CIPD.

Maxom, M., (2009). Teaching English as a foreign language for dummies. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Megias Rosa, M. (2008). Didactic approach for teachers of English in an international context. Salamanca: Ediciones Universidad De Salamanca.

Muniandy, J. & Shuib, M. (2016). Learning styles, language learning strategies and fields of study among ESL learners. Malaysian Journal of ELT Research. 12 (1), 1-19. Retrieved February 9, 2017 from

Mushtaq, I & Khan, S. N. (2012). Factors affecting students’ academic performance. Global Journal of Management and Business Research. 12 (9), 16-22. Retrieved march 12, 2017 from

Oxford, R. L. (2003). Language learning styles and strategies: an overview. GALA. Retrieved September 07 2017 from

Prashing, B. (2006). Pocket PAL: Learning styles and personalized teaching. London: Network Continuum Education.

Reid, J. M. (1987). The Learning style preference of ESL students. TESOL Quarterly, 21 (1). 87-110. Retrieved September 12, 2018 from

Saville-Troike, M. (2006). Introducing second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

The Department of Education for Newfoundland and Labrador. (2014). English language arts kindergarten curriculum cuide. Labrador: Newfoundland Labrador.

Weinberg, S. L. & Abramowitz, S. K. (2008). Statistics using SPSS: An integrative approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Willing, K. (1987). Learning styles in adult migrant education. Sydney: NSW Adult Migrant Education Service
How to Cite
Prystiananta, N. (2018). Indonesian EFL Students’ Learning Styles. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 2(1), 30-42.