Analisis Pengaruh Fleksibilitas Kerja dan Kepemimpinan Transformasional terhadap Kinerja Adaptif Melalui Kepuasan Kerja sebagai Variabel Intervening

  • Alfian Perdana Putra Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
  • Eko Budi Satoto Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
  • Abadi Sanosra Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember

Abstract

This study intends to investigate the impact of Work Flexibility and Transformational Leadership on Adaptive Performance, with Job Satisfaction serving as an intervening variable. The study focuses on employees at the Secretariat of the Bondowoso Regency DPRD. The survey included 80 personnel from the Bondowoso Regency DPRD Secretariat. This study utilises a Nonprobability Sampling approach known as saturated sample. Researchers utilised questionnaires as a method to get data from participants in this study. The analysis method employed is the Structural Equation Model (SEM) utilising WarpPLS 8.0. The data analysis results indicate that Work Flexibility positively and significantly impacts Adaptive Performance. Transformational Leadership positively and significantly impacts Adaptive Performance. Work flexibility positively and significantly impacts job satisfaction. Job satisfaction positively and significantly impacts adaptive performance. Work flexibility has a favourable but statistically insignificant impact on adaptive performance, mediated by job satisfaction. Transformational Leadership positively and significantly influences Adaptive Performance through Job Satisfaction as an intervening variable.

 

Keywords: Adaptive Performance, Job Flexibility, Job Satisfaction, Transformational Leadership

References

Abdillah, W., & Hartono. (2015). Partial Least Square (PLS). Andi.

Ali, W. (2016). Understanding the Concept of Job Satisfaction, Measurements, Theories and its Significance in the Recent Organizational Environment: A Theoretical Framework. Archives of Business Research, 4(1), 100–111. https://doi.org/10.14738/abr.41.1735

Bass, B. M., & Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational Leadership. Psychology Press. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781410617095

Bednall, T. C., & Henricks, M. D. (2021). Adaptive Performance (Issue January, pp. 71–89). IGI Global Publisher of Timely Knowledge. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-6948-1.ch005

Bereyhe Bereyhi, H., & Mombeini, I. (2022). the relationship of transformational leadership with job well-being, percieved occupational success and adaptive performance of employees. Industrial and Organizational Psychology Studies, 9(1), 139–152. https://doi.org/10.22055/jiops.2023.42407.1314

Chandrasekara, W. S. (2019). The effect of transformational leadership style on employees Job satisfaction and job performance: A case of apparel manufacturing Industry in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 7(7), 385–393. http://ijecm.co.uk/

Charbonnier-Voirin, A., El Akremi, A., & Vandenberghe, C. (2010). A multilevel model of transformational leadership and adaptive performance and the moderating role of climate for innovation. Group and Organization Management, 35(6), 699–726. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601110390833

Darmawana, D., Sinambelab, E. A., Harianic, M., & Irfan, M. (2020). Analisis Komitmen Organisasi, Iklim Kerja, Kepuasan Kerja dan Etos Kerja yang Memengaruhi Kinerja Pegawai. Jurnal Bisnis Dan Kajian Strategi Manajemen, 4, 58–70.

Fernández-Macias, E., & Muñoz de Bustillo Llorente, R. (2014). Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. In A. C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research (pp. 3451–3454). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5

Griffin, M. A., Parker, S. K., & Mason, C. M. (2010). Leader Vision and the Development of Adaptive and Proactive Performance: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(1), 174–182. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017263

Hanifah, F. N., & Herachwati, N. (2022). Effect of Leadership Style and Leader Gender on Employee Performance. Enrichment: Journal of Management, 12(4), 3152–3159.

Indrawaty, T. P. (2022). Hubungan fleksibilitas kerja terhadap kepuasan kerja dengan leader-member exchange sebagai mediasi. National Conference on Social Science and Religion, Ncssr, 131–137.

M. Yacon, A., & Bautista Cayaban, N. (2023). Transformational Leadership and Adaptive Performance in the International Schools in the Philippines: a Basis for an Organizational Support Framework. International Journal of Advanced Research, 11(01), 318–349. https://doi.org/10.21474/ijar01/16023

Marques-Quinteiro, P., Vargas, R., Eifler, N., & Curral, L. (2019). Employee adaptive performance and job satisfaction during organizational crisis: the role of self-leadership. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 28(1), 85–100. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2018.1551882

Marzuki, Agusmadi, & Usman. (2021). Antecedent Kinerja Adaptive Implikasinya Pada Kinerja Organisasi Pasca Covid 19: Tinjauan model mediasi Untuk Penelitian Masa Depan. Jurnal Pendidikan, Sains, Dan Humaniora, 9(6), 1084–1096.

Moonhead, G., & Griffin, R. W. (2013). Perilaku Organisasi : Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia dan Organisasi. Salemba Empat.

Park, S., & Park, S. (2019). Employee Adaptive Performance and Its Antecedents: Review and Synthesis. Human Resource Development Review, 18(3), 294–324. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534484319836315

Prabowo, T. S., Noermijati, N., & Irawanto, D. W. (2018). the Influence of Transformational Leadership and Work Motivation on Employee Performance Mediated By Job Satisfaction. Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen, 16(1), 171–178. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jam.2018.016.01.20

Rivai, V., & Sagala, E. J. (2009). Manajemen Sumber Daya manusia untuk Perusahaan dari Teori ke Praktik (2nd ed.). Rajawali Pers.

Saputra, L. R. E., Hasanah, K., & Dessyarti, R. S. (2022). Pengaruh Hubungan antara Flexible Working Arrangement, Work Life Balance dan Kepuasan Kerja Driver Gojek di Kota Madiun. Simba, September 2022.

Stashevsky, S., & Burke, R. J. (2006). Leadership in organizations. In International Journal of Manpower (8th ed, Vol. 27, Issue 1). Pearson. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijm.2006.01627aaa.001

Stefanie, K., Suryani, E., & Maharani, A. (2020). Flexible Work Arrangement, Work Life Balance, Kepuasan Kerja, dan Loyalitas Karyawan Pada Situasi COVID-19. Jurnal Ilmiah MEA (Manajemen, Ekonomi, Dan Akuntansi), 4(3), 1725–1750.

Steven, H. J., & Prasetio, A. P. (2020). Pengaruh Stres Kerja Dan Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. Jurnal Penelitian IPTEKS, 5(1), 78–88. https://doi.org/10.32528/ipteks.v5i1.3022

Sugiyono. (2017). Statistika Untuk Penelitian. CV. ALFABETA.

Suifan, T. S., Abdallah, A. B., & Al Janini, M. (2018). The impact of transformational leadership on employees’ creativity. Management Research Review, 41(1), 113–132. https://doi.org/10.1108/MRR-02-2017-0032

Sunarta, S. (2019). Pentingnya Kepuasan Kerja. Efisiensi - Kajian Ilmu Administrasi, 16(2), 63–75. https://doi.org/10.21831/efisiensi.v16i2.27421

Thamrin, H. M. (2012). The Influence of Transformational Leadership and Organizational Commitment on Job Satisfaction and Employee Performance. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, 3(5). https://doi.org/10.7763/ijimt.2012.v3.299

Wiliandari, Y. (2019). Kepuasan Kerja Karyawan. Society, 6(2), 81–95. https://doi.org/10.20414/society.v6i2.1475
Published
2024-03-27
Abstract viewed = 4 times
pdf downloaded = 2 times