Faktor Risiko Penyakit Neuropati Diabetik Perifer: Sebuah Tinjauan Deskriptif pada Wanita Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2

  • Sri Andriani Ibrahim Univeristas Negeri Gorontalo
  • Elvie Febby Dungga Univeristas Negeri Gorontalo
  • Hariadi Said Univeristas Negeri Gorontalo

Abstract

This study aims to dissect the problem of diabetic neuropathy by analyzing risk factors such as age, length of suffering from Diabetes Mellitus (DM), history of contraceptive use, and glycemic control, which are the source of triggers. This study is a cross-sectional study with an analytical observational design. The results showed that from a sample of 225 patients with type 2 diabetes, 192 samples (85.4%) had diabetic neuropathy, while the remaining 33 samples (14.6%) did not have diabetic neuropathy. Regarding the length of suffering from DM, history of contraceptive use, and glycemic control, this study showed a significant relationship between these three variables on the incidence of diabetic neuropathy with -values ​​of 0.048, 0.044, and 0.004, respectively. On the other hand, in terms of the relationship between age and the incidence of neuropathy, this study revealed no significant relationship between the two with an -value of 0.476. In conclusion, the factors associated with diabetic neuropathy are the duration of diabetes mellitus, history of contraceptive use, and glycemic control.

 

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Risk Factors, Diabetic Neuropathy

References

Association, A. D. (2020). Classification and Diagnosis of Diabetes: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2020. Diabetes Care, 43, S14–S31

Cristian B, A., & Remus, P. (2018). Diabetic Neuropathy Prevalence and Its Associated Risk Factors in Two Representative Groups of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients from Bihor County. Maedica, 13(3), 229–234. https://doi.org/10.26574/maedica.2018.13.3.229

Elbarsha, A., Hamedh, M. A. I., & Elsaeiti, M. (2019). Prevalence and Risk Factors of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Ibnosina Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 11(1), 80–83. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijmbs.ijmbs

Faiqotunnuriyah, F., & Cahyati, W. H. (2021). Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Neuropati Diabetik pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2. Jurnal Kesehatan Indonesia, 13(1), 64–76. http://lib.unnes.ac.id/45491/

Khawaja, N., Abu-Shennar, J., Saleh, M., Dahbour, S. S., Khader, Y. S., & Ajlouni, K. M. (2018). The Prevalence and Risk Factors of Peripheral Neuropathy Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; The Case of Jordan. Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome, 10, 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13098-018-0309-6

Kshanti, I. A. M., Wibudi, A., Sibarani, R. P., Saraswati, m. R., Dwipayana, I. M. P., Mahmudji, H. A., & Tapahary, D. L. (2019). Pedoman Pemantauan Glukosa Darah Mandiri 2019. PB Perkeni, Medan. https://pbperkeni.or.id/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/Pedoman-PGDM-2019-eBook-PDF.pdf

Malik, R. A., Andag‐Silva, A., Dejthevaporn, C., Hakim, M., Koh, J. S., Pinzon, R., Sukor, N., & & Wong, K. S. (2020). Diagnosing Peripheral Neuropathy in South‐East Asia: A Focus on Diabetic Neuropathy. Journal of Diabetes Investigation, 11(5), 1097-1103. DOI: 10.1111/jdi.13269

Mildawati, Diani, N., & Wahid, A. (2019). Hubungan Usia, Jenis Kelamin dan Lama Menderita Diabetes dengan Kejadian Neuropati Parifer Diabetik. Caring Nursing Journal, 3(2), 31–37. https://journal.umbjm.ac.id/index.php/caring-nursing/article/view/238

Nurmainah, N. (2020). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Diabetes Melitus Pada Akseptor Pengguna Kontrasepsi Oral. Jurnal Farmasi dan Ilmu Kefarmasian Indonesia Vol. 7(2), 88. https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JFIKI/article/view/18020

PERKENI. (2021). Pedoman Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes Melitus di Indonesia. PB.PERKENI

Putri, R. N., & Waluyo, A. (2020). Faktor Resiko Neuropati Perifer Diabetik pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 : Tinjauan Literatur. Jurnal Keperawatan Abdurrab, 3(2), 17–25. http://jurnal.univrab.ac.id/index.php/keperawatan/article/view/839

Putri, A. M., Hasneli, Y., & Safri, S. (2020). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Derajat Keparahan Neuropati Perifer pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus : Literature Review. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan, 8(1), 38–53. http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/JIK/article/view/17892/12768

Rachman, A., & Dwipayana, I. M. P. (2020). Prevalensi dan Hubungan antara Kontrol Glikemik dengan Diabetik Neuoropati Perifer pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe II di RSUP Sanglah. Jurnal Medika Udayana (JMU), 9(1), 33–38. https://doi.org/10.24843.MU.2020.V9.i1.P07

Rahmawati, A., & Hargono, A. (2018). Faktor Dominan Neuropati Diabetik pada Paseien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2. Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi (JBE), 6(1), 60–68. https://doi.org/10.20473/jbe.v6i12018.60-68

Rahmawati, A., & Hargono, A. (2018). Dominant Factor of Diabetic Neuropathy on Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Patients. Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, 6(1), 60. https://doi.org/10.20473/jbe.v6i12018.60-68

Setiani, S. (2019). Hubungan antara Penggunaan Kontrasepsi Hormonal dengan Diabetes Mellitus di Kota Magelang. Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang, Magelang

Setyawati, A., Ngo, T., Padila, P., & Andri, J. (2020). Obesity and Heredity for Diabetes Mellitus among Elderly. JOSING: Journal of Nursing and Health, 1(1), 26-31. https://doi.org/10.31539/josing.v1i1.1149

Shiferaw, W. S., Akalu, T. Y., Work, Y., &, & Aynalem, Y. A. (2020). Prevalence of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta_Analysis. BMC Endocrine Disorders, 20, 1–9. https://bmcendocrdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12902-020-0534-5

Weiswasser, J. M., Arora, S., Shuman, C., Kellicut, D., & Sidawy, A. N. (2020). Diabetic Neuropathy. Seminars in Vascular Surgery, 16(1), 27–35. https://doi.org/10.1053/svas.2003.50004

Widiastuti, L. (2020). Acupressure dan Senam Kaki terhadap Tingkat Peripheral Arterial Disease pada Klien DM Tipe 2. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari (JKS), 3(2), 694–706. DOI: 10.31539/jks.v3i2.1200

Wulandari, N. A., Waluyo, A., & Irawati, D. (2019). Pengalaman Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 dalam Melakukan Tindakan Pencegahan Terjadinya Luka pada Kaki. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari (JKS), 2(2), 176–188. https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v2i2.53
Published
2022-02-28
How to Cite
Ibrahim, S., Dungga, E., & Said, H. (2022). Faktor Risiko Penyakit Neuropati Diabetik Perifer: Sebuah Tinjauan Deskriptif pada Wanita Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 5(2), 698-707. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v5i2.3239
Abstract viewed = 0 times
pdf downloaded = 0 times