Manajemen Pertukaran Gas pada Pasien Post CARDS (COVID-19 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) yang Terpasang Ventilasi Mekanik

  • Ida Amalia Universitas Indonesia
  • Riri Maria Universitas Indonesia
  • Dewi Irawaty Universitas Indonesia


This study aims to describe the effectiveness of prone intervention in cases of post-CARDS/COVID-19 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome who are mechanically ventilated. This type of research is research with a case study approach. The results showed that after the intervention was given in the prone position in patients with post CARDS/Covid-19 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome who had mechanical ventilation installed, there was an increase in oxygen saturation values and also to prevent secondary injuries that could worsen the condition of the lungs and other organs. In conclusion, prone position performed as early as possible will be better and provide a significant improvement effect on the respiratory system.


Keywords: ARDS, CARDS, COVID-19, Gas Exchange Disorders, Prone


Alshogran, O. Y., Altawalbeh, S. M., Al-Azzam, S. I., & Karasneh, R. (2021). NC-ND License Cross-Sectional Study Predictors of COVID-19 Case Fatality Rate: An Ecological Study. Annals of Medicine and Surgery, 65, 102319.

Chandra, A., Chakraborty, U., Pal, J., & Karmakar, P. (2020). Silent Hypoxia: A Frequently Overlooked Clinical Entity in Patients with COVID-19. BMJ Case Reports CP, 13(9), e237207.

Fanelli, V., Vlachou, A., Ghannadian, S., Simonetti, U., Slutsky, A. S., & Zhang, H. (2018). Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: New Definition, Current and Future Therapeutic Options. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 5(3), 326.

Fatoni, A. Z., & Rakhmatullah, R. (2021). Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) pada Pneumonia COVID-19. Journal of Anaesthesia and Pain, 2(1), 11-24.

Gibson, P. G., Qin, L., & Puah, S. H. (2020). COVID‐19 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS): Clinical Features and Differences from Typical Pre‐COVID‐19 ARDS. Med J Aust, 213(2), 54-56.

Grasselli, G., Tonetti, T., Protti, A., Langer, T., Girardis, M., Bellani, G., Laffey, J., Carrafiello, G., Carsana, L., Rizzuto, C., Zanella, A., Scaravilli, V., Pizzilli, G., Grieco, D. L., Di Meglio, L., de Pascale, G., Lanza, E., Monteduro, F., Zompatori, M., & Seccafico, C. (2020). Pathophysiology of COVID-19-Associated Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Multicentre Prospective Observational Study. The Lancet. Respiratory Medicine, 8(12), 1201.

Greenhalgh, T., Knight, M., A’Court, C., Buxton, M., & Husain, L. (2020). Management of Post-Acute COVID-19 in Primary Care. The BMJ, 370.

Kaunang, J. H. (2021). Efek Posisi Prone Pada Pernapasan Pasien Covid-19 yang Mengalami ARDS Berat: Serial Kasus. Universitas Indonesia.

Leviner, S. (2021). Recognizing the Clinical Sequelae of COVID-19 in Adults: COVID-19 Long-Haulers. Journal Nurse Practice, 17(8), 946-949.

Montanaro, J. (2021). Using In Situ Simulation to Develop a Prone Positioning Protocol for Patients with ARDS. Critical Care Nurse, 41(1), 12–24.

Ojo, A. S., Balogun, S. A., Williams, O. T., & Ojo, O. S. (2020). Predictive Factors and Risk Reduction Strategies. Pulmonary Medice, 10, 6175964.

Roche-Campo, F., Aguirre-Bermeo, H., & Mancebo, J. (2018). Prone Positioning in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS): When and How? Presse Medicale, 40(12 PART 2).

Saloner, B., Parish, K., Julie Ward, M. A., Grace DiLaura, R., & Sharon Dolovich, J. (2020). Persistent Symptoms in Patients After Acute COVID-19. JAMA, 324(6), 603–605.

Shang, Y., Pan, C., Yang, X., Zhong, M., Shang, X., Wu, Z., Yu, Z., Zhang, W., Zhong, Q., Zheng, X., Sang, L., Jiang, L., Zhang, J., Xiong, W., Liu, J., & Chen, D. (2020). Management of Critically Ill Patients with COVID-19 in ICU: Statement from Front-Line Intensive Care Experts in Wuhan, China. Annals of Intensive Care, 10(1).

Wilkerson, R. G., Adler, J. D., Shah, N. G., & Brown, R. (2020). Silent Hypoxia: A Harbinger of Clinical Deterioration in Patients with COVID-19. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 38(10), 2243.e5-2243.e6.

WHO. (2021). Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard: Overview.
How to Cite
Amalia, I., Maria, R., & Irawaty, D. (2022). Manajemen Pertukaran Gas pada Pasien Post CARDS (COVID-19 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) yang Terpasang Ventilasi Mekanik. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 5(2), 1058-1068.
Abstract viewed = 0 times
pdf downloaded = 0 times