Pemberian Complementary and Alternative Medicine pada Pasien Kanker

  • Tifany Hayuning Ratri Universitas Airlangga
  • Abu Bakar Universitas Airlangga
  • Ni Ketut Alit Armini Universitas Airlangga


This study aims to analyze the effect of giving Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) to cancer patients. The method used is a systematic review using three databases: PubMed, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. The results showed that of the fourteen articles reviewed, thirteen articles showed that the use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) could reduce the side effects of chemotherapy, increase self-confidence in physical, social, and body image functions, provide satisfaction with life, and reduce anxiety. , positive quality of life enhances hereditary resistance, improves well-being, and overcoming the disease. One article states that CAM users report more severe anxiety and skin or hair changes.
In conclusion, some types of CAM have beneficial effects for some clients. Still, on the other hand, there are adverse effects without the client realizing that this therapy can be a source of chemicals that can interact with conventional drugs. Monitoring the patient's treatment consumption is necessary to avoid these side effects.

Keywords: Alternative Medicine, Cancer Cell, Cross-Sectional, Complementary therapy, Quality of Life


Albabtain, H., Alwhaibi, M., Alburaikan, K., & Asiri, Y. (2018). Quality of Life and Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Women with Breast Cancer. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 26(3), 416–421.

Almasdy, D., Eptiyeni, E., Khamri, D., & Kurniasih, N. (2018). Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) among Breast Cancer Patients in a Public Hospital in Padang, Indonesia. Journal of Young Pharmacists, 10(2), 145–147.

Asha, C., Manjini, K. J., & Dubashi, B. (2020). Effect of Foot Massage on Patients with Chemotherapy Induced Nausea and Vomiting: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Caring Sciences, 9(3), 120–124.

Cernasev, A., Goma, B., Hager, K., Brown, L., & Schommer, J. (2020). Use of National Consumer Survey Data to Explore Perceptions of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Innovations in Pharmacy, 11(2), 15.

Clemons, M., Dranitsaris, G., Sienkiewicz, M., Sehdev, S., Ng, T., Robinson, A., Mates, M., Hsu, T., McGee, S., Freedman, O., Kumar, V., Fergusson, D., Hutton, B., Vandermeer, L., & Hilton, J. (2020). A Randomized Trial of Individualized Versus Standard of Care Antiemetic Therapy for Breast Cancer Patients at High Risk for Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting. Breast, 54, 278–285.

Gayatri, D., Efremov, L., Kantelhardt, E. J., & Mikolajczyk, R. (2021). Quality of life of Cancer Patients at Palliative Care Units in Developing Countries: Systematic Review of the Published Literature. Quality of Life Research, 30(2), 315–343.

Howell, D., Mayer, D. K., Fielding, R., Eicher, M., Verdonck-De Leeuw, I. M., Johansen, C., Soto-Perez-De-Celis, E., Foster, C., Chan, R., Alfano, C. M., Hudson, S. V., Jefford, M., Lam, W. W. T., Loerzel, V., Pravettoni, G., Rammant, E., Schapira, L., Stein, K. D., & Koczwara, B. (2021). Management of Cancer and Health After the Clinic Visit: A Call to Action for Self-Management in Cancer Care. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 113(5), 523–531.

Jędrzejewska, A., Ślusarska, B. J., Szadowska-Szlachetka, Z., Rudnicka-Drożak, E., & Panasiuk, L. (2021). Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Patients with Cancer and Their Relationship with Health Behaviours - Cross-Sectional Study. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine : AAEM, 28(3), 475–482.

Kemenkes RI. (2018). Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018. Kementrian Kesehatan RI, 53(9), 1689–1699

Li, Q. W., Li, Q. W., Yu, M. W., Wang, X. M., Yang, G. W., Wang, H., Zhang, C. X., Xue, N., Xu, W. R., Zhang, Y., Cheng, P. Y., Yang, L., Fu, Q., & Yang, Z. (2020). Efficacy of Acupuncture in the Prevention and Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting in Patients with Advanced Cancer: A Multi-Center, Single-Blind, Randomized, Sham-Controlled Clinical Research. Chinese Medicine (United Kingdom), 15(1), 1–11.

Miller, K. D., Nogueira, L., Mariotto, A. B., Rowland, J. H., Yabroff, K. R., Alfano, C. M., Jemal, A., Kramer, J. L., & Siegel, R. L. (2019). Cancer Treatment and Survivorship Statistics, 2019. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 69(5), 363–385.

Peoples, A. R., Culakova, E., Heckler, C. E., Shayne, M., O’Connor, T. L., Kirshner, J. J., Bushunow, P. W., Morrow, G. R., & Roscoe, J. A. (2019). Positive Effects of Acupressure Bands Combined with Relaxation Music/Instructions on Patients Most at Risk for Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea. Supportive Care in Cancer, 27(12), 4597–4605.

Nasution, L. A., Afiyanti, Y., & Kurniawati, W. (2021). The Effectiveness of Spiritual Intervention in Overcoming Anxiety and Depression Problems in Gynecological Cancer Patients. Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia, 24(2), 99–109.

Razali, N. H., Ali, A., Gan, S. H., & Lim, C. Sen. (2020). Prevalence of Traditional and Complementary Alternative Medicine’ s Use among Cancer Patients in South Peninsular Malaysia. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Biology, 5(1), 19–26.

Setyawati, A., Mirwanti, R., & Nuraeni, A. (2021). The Use of Complementary Therapies in Children and Adolescents with Cancer : A Literature Review. Jurnal Perawat Indonesia, 5(2), 701–711.

Sung, H., Ferlay, J., Siegel, R. L., Laversanne, M., Soerjomataram, I., Jemal, A., & Bray, F. (2021). Global Cancer Statistics 2020: GLOBOCAN Estimates of Incidence and Mortality Worldwide for 36 Cancers in 185 Countries. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 71(3), 209–249.
How to Cite
Ratri, T., Bakar, A., & Armini, N. K. A. (2022). Pemberian Complementary and Alternative Medicine pada Pasien Kanker. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 6(1), 335-344.
Abstract viewed = 0 times
pdf downloaded = 0 times