Kepemimpinan Transformasional, Motivasi Kerja dan Performa Kerja Karyawan ; Systematic Literature Review

Systematic Literature Review

  • Hafid Gisen Parastra Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Yunia Wardi Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Ilham Thaib Universitas Negeri Padang
Keywords: Transformational leadership, work motivation, work performance

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the effect of transformational leadership and motivation on employee performance. The research method used is systematic literature review (SLR), which is a systematic review of various articles (literature) related to research variables. The results showed that 15 (75%) studies showed a significant relationship between transformational leadership and work performance, 10 (50%) studies showed a significant relationship between transformational leadership and work motivation, 8 (40%) showed a significant relationship between work motivation and work performance, and 2 (10%) indicate that transformational leadership can influence work performance by mediating work motivation. In conclusion, that transformational leadership influences motivation where the better the implementation of transformational leadership in organizations/institutions/institutions, the more employee motivation increases.

 Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Work Motivation, Work Performance

Author Biography

Ilham Thaib, Universitas Negeri Padang

Fakultas Ekonomi

References

Arora, S. (2022). Work Motivation and Women Entrepreneurship. Astitva Prakashan. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=splnEAAAQBAJ&pg=PA5&dq=work+motivation+is&hl=id&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjJh_-r-qaAAxW64TgGHbNMBhAQ6AF6BAgFEAI#v=onepage&q=work motivation is&f=false

Baskoro, B. D., Sudarmadji, S., Suherman, S., Yani, A., & Simanjuntak, R. (2021). Transformational Leadership, Knowledge Management, Work Motivation, and Employee Performance among Construction Employees in Jakarta. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 8(2), 214. https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v8i2.2339

Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational Leadership and Organizational Culture. JSTOR, 17(1), 112–121. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40862298

Busro, M. (2018). Teori-teori Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia - Muhamamad Busro. In Prenadamedia Group (p. 325). Prenada Media. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=W-deDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA135&dq=faktor+semangat+kerja+busro&hl=en&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjhj9HM0bH7AhX2m9gFHWb5BDwQ6AF6BAgHEAI#v=onepage&q=faktor semangat kerja busro&f=false

Cook, D. A., & Artino, A. R. (2016). Motivation to learn: an overview of contemporary theories. Medical Education, 50(10), 997–1014. https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.13074

Faupel, S., & Süß, S. (2019). The Effect of Transformational Leadership on Employees During Organizational Change – An Empirical Analysis. Journal of Change Management, 19(3), 145–166. https://doi.org/10.1080/14697017.2018.1447006

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Makmuriana, L. (2021). Kepemimpinan Transformasional. Penerbit NEM. https://www.google.co.id/books/edition/Kepemimpinan_Transformasional/Zx9kEAAAQBAJ?hl=id&gbpv=0

Pinder, C. (2008). Work Motivation in Organizational Behavior - Craig C. Pinder - Google Books. In New York: psychology press:11. https://books.google.co.za/books?hl=en&lr=&id=9RoKBAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=Pinder+CC.+Work+motivation+in+organizational+behavior.+New+York,+NY:+Psychology+Press%3B+2008.&ots=amyHFTCLcA&sig=ZDHIuDj8kPV3rJhYB9fYZfyujSk#v=onepage&q&f=false

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Puyri, L., & Pasaribu, H. (2020). The Effect of Leadership and Motivation on Employee Performance. Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research, 64, 1043–1051. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.8-10-2018.2289289

Saira, S., Mansoor, S., & Ali, M. (2021). Transformational leadership and employee outcomes: the mediating role of psychological empowerment. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 42(1), 130–143. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-05-2020-0189

Setiyati, R., & Hikmawati, E. (2019). Pentingnya Perencanaan SDM Dalam Organisasi. UEU Journal, 16(2), 215. https://ejurnal.esaunggul.ac.id/index.php/Formil/article/view/2816/2399

Sinambela, E. A., & Ernawati, E. (2021). Analysis of the Role of Experience, Ability and Motivation on Employee Performance. Journal of Social Science Studies (JOS3), 1(2), 69–74. https://doi.org/10.56348/jos3.v1i2.13

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Syah, T. Y. R., & Isa, F. M. B. (2021). The Effect of Transformational Leadership Style on Employee Performance with Motivation Moderation. Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic, 05(02), 99–117. https://doi.org/10.51971/joma.v5n3.13082021

Tucker, B. A., & Russell, R. F. (2004). The Influence of the Transformational Leader. Sage Journal, 10(4). https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/107179190401000408

Wiandhani, N., Jimad, H., & Erlina, R. (2022). The Effect of Transformational Leadership on Employee Performance Mediated by Work Motivation in Car Rental Services Companies in Lampung Province. International Journal of Economics and Management Studies, 9(3), 53–59. https://doi.org/10.14445/23939125/ijems-v9i3p107

Zahari, M., Sujatmiko, W., Kembauw, E., Tabun, M. A., Ihwanudin, N., Noekent, V., Suparto, Kristanto, T., Sihombing, L., Ah, M. ’, Hariyanti, Muftiasa, A., Sushardi, & Nuryati. (2022). Manajemen SDM: Strategi Organisasi Bisnis Modern. Seval Literindo Kreasi (Penerbit Seval).
Published
2023-08-28
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