The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise Technique on Increasing Oxygen Saturation in Asthma Patients

  • Ni Komang Satia Salini Buleleng College of Health Sciences
  • Ni Made Dwi Yunica Astriani Buleleng College of Health Sciences
  • Putu Indah Sintya Dewi Buleleng College of Health Sciences
  • Ni Ketut Putri Marthasari Buleleng College of Health Sciences

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of the Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise technique on increasing oxygen saturation in asthma patients. This study uses a quantitative approach with the type of Pre-Experimental One Group Pre-Test and post-test research with the Paired Sample T-Test. The results showed that administering the Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise technique can increase oxygen saturation in asthma patients before and after the intervention. The oxygen saturation value before being given the Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise technique showed that the frequency of oxygen saturation of respondents was in the range of 90%-94%, amounting to 38 people (67.9%) with the category of mild hypoxemia and in the field of 75%-89% amounting to 18 people (32.1%) with the type of moderate hypoxemia with an average value of 89.61%. The oxygen saturation value after being given the Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise technique showed that the frequency of oxygen saturation in the range of 95%-100% amounted to 49 people (87.5%) with the standard category and in the field of 90%-94% amounted to 7 people (12.5%) with the type of mild hypoxemia with an average value of 96.61%. It can be concluded that the Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise technique affects increasing oxygen saturation in asthma patients.

 

Keywords: Asthma, Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise, Oxygen Saturation

References

Ajul, K., & Siswadi, Y. (2020). Pengaruh Kombinasi Relaksasi Otot Progresif dan Latihan Pernapasan Diafragma terhadap Aliran Puncak Ekspirasi Penderita Asma. Jurnal Kedokteran Meditek, 26(3), 125–131. https://doi.org/10.36452/jkdoktmeditek.v26i3.1927

Astriani, N. M. D. Y., Dewi, P. I. S., & Yanti, K. H. (2020). Relaksasi Pernafasan dengan Teknik Ballon Blowing terhadap Peningkatan Saturasi Oksigen pada Pasien PPOK. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 4(1), 248–256. https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v4i1.1767

Astriani, N. M. D. Y., Sandy, P. W. S. J., Putra, M. P., & Heri, M. (2021). Pemberian Posisi Semi Fowler Meningkatkan Saturasi Oksigen Pasien PPOK. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 3(1), 128–135. https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v3i1.2113

GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma). (2022). Pocket Guide for Asthma Management and Prevension (for Adults and Children Older than 5 Years). Based on the Global Strategi for Asthma Management and Prevention. https://ginasthma.org/gina-reports/

Harsismanto, J., Padila, P., Andri, J., Andrianto, M., & Yanti, L. (2020). Frekuensi Pernafasan Anak Penderita Asma Menggunakan Intervensi Tiup Super Bubbles dan Meniup Baling Baling Bambu. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 2(2), 119- 126. https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v2i2.1409

Juniadin, S. Y., & Irawan, A. M. (2019). Pengaruh Pursed Lip Breathing dan Meniup Balon terhadap Kekuatan Otot Pernafasan,Saturasi Oksigen dan Respiratory Rate Pasien PPOK. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan (Scientific Journal of Nursing). https://doi.org/10.33023/jikep.v5i1.211

Kemenkes, RI. (2020). Indonesia Health Profile. https://www.kemkes.go.id/downloads/resources/download/pusdatin/profil-kesehatan-indonesia/Profil-Kesehatan-Indonesia-Tahun-2020.pdf

Kurniawan, K., & Putri, A. L. (2024). Pengaruh Pendidikan terhadap Kualitas Hidup Pasien Asma: Tinjauan Sistematis. Jurnal Keperawatan, 16(1), 217–226. https://doi.org/10.32583/keperawatan.v16i1.1221

Muslina, M., Dewi, K., & Aminahtun, L. (2022). Hubungan Kadar Kalsium, Zink dan Besi Serum Penderita Asma dan Non Asma. Indonesian Journal of Pharma Science, 4(2), 156-166. https://mail.online-journal.unja.ac.id/IJPS/article/view/21420

Nolanda, A. D. (2019). Prevalensi Penyakit Asma Rawat Jalan pada Anak Usia 1-17 Tahun di RSUD Berkah Pandeglang Periode 1 Agustus 2018- 31 Juli 2019. Universitas Kristen Indonesia. http://repository.uki.ac.id/id/eprint/5426

Oktaviani, K., & Sutrisna, M. (2021). Diaphragm Breathing Exercise Influence on Bronchial Asthma Attacks in Bengkulu City. Jurnal Vokasi Keperawatan, 4(2), 394–405. https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/index.php/JurnalVokasiKeperawatan/article/download/19727/9203

Padila, P., Febriawati, H., Andri, J., & Dori, R. A. (2019). Perawatan Infeksi Saluran Pernafasan Akut (ISPA) pada Balita. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 1(1), 25-34. https://doi.org/10.31539/jka.v1i1.526

Primadyastuti, P. (2017). Faktor-Faktor Pemicu Dominan Terjadinya Serangan Asma pada Paien Asma. Universitas Indonesia. http://lib.ui.ac.id/file?file=digital/20303000- 30663%20%20Analisis%20faktor.pdf

Rosita, F., Muslikhah, S., & Yahya, F. (2020). Asthma Prescribing Patterns in Geriatric Patients Treated at Hospital X Inpatient Installation For the January-July 2020 Period. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 1(2), 52–58. http://ejournal.rajekwesi.ac.id/index.php/Kesehatan/article/view/311

Ryandayanti, N. A. S. M. (2019). Pengaruh Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise terhadap Saturasi Oksigen pada Pasien Asma di IGD Rsud Klungkung Tahun 2019. http://repository.poltekkes-denpasar.ac.id/2420

Utoyo, B., & Nugroho, I. A. (2021). Pengaruh Terapi Latihan Pernapasan Diafragma Terhadap Kontrol Pernapasan Penderita Asma di Kecamatan Sruweng. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Keperawatan, 17(1), 86–94. https://doi.org/10.26753/jikk.v17i1.516

Widjanegara, I. G., Tirtayasa, K., & Pangkahila, A. (2015). Senam Asma Mengurangi Kekambuhan dan Meningkatkan Saturasi Oksigen pada Penderita Asma di Poliklinik Paru Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Wangaya Denpasar. Sport and Fitness Journal, 3(2), 1–16. https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/sport/article/view/14945

Widyasari, A. N. F., & Irdawati, I. (2023). Intervensi Edukasi tentang Asma dengan Media Leaflet terhadap Pengetahuan Ibu. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 6(2), 1438-1446. https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v6i2.5674

Xing, S., Feng, S., & Zeng, D. (2023). Effect of Exercise Intervention on Lung Function in Asthmatic Adults: A Network Meta-Analysis. Annals of Medicine, 55(2), 2237031. https://doi.org/10.1080/07853890.2023.2237031
Published
2023-10-17
Abstract viewed = 88 times
pdf downloaded = 40 times