Stres Pengasuhan Orang Tua dari Anak dengan Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 1 di Era Pandemi COVID-19

  • Yersi Ahzani Universitas Indonesia
  • Nur Agustini Universitas Indonesia

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran stres pengasuhan yang dialami oleh orang tua yang memiliki anak diabetes mellitus tipe 1 serta faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah studi literatur menggunakan Online Database Science Direct, Clinical Key, Scopus, Google Scholar, dan ProQuest. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat dua tema utama yang teridentifikasi yaitu stres pengasuhan dan faktor yang mempengaruhi stres pengasuhan pada orang tua dengan anak diabetes mellitus tipe 1. Stres pengasuhan meningkat pada orang tua yang memiliki anak dengan diabetes mellitus tipe 1 dan ibu memiliki tingkat stres yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan ayah. Faktor yang mempengaruhi stres pengasuhan terdiri dari faktor usia anak, nilai HbA1c anak dan waktu sejak diagnosis, jenis kelamin orang tua berdasarkan peran sebagai ayah dan ibu, status ekonomi, status perkawinan dan status pekerjaan orang tua. Simpulan, terdapat berbagai karakteristik anak maupun karakteristik orang tua yang dapat menjadi faktor yang mempengaruhi stres pengasuhan. Faktor nilai HbA1c dan usia anak adalah yang paling sering dikaitkan dengan stres pengasuhan orang tua.

Kata Kunci:  Diabetes Mellitus tipe 1, Orang Tua, Pandemi COVID-19, Stres Pengasuhan

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Published
2021-05-01
How to Cite
Ahzani, Y., & Agustini, N. (2021). Stres Pengasuhan Orang Tua dari Anak dengan Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 1 di Era Pandemi COVID-19. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 3(1), 177-190. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v3i1.2081
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