Aspek Health Belief Model dan Kepatuhan Ibu Melakukan Kunjungan Antenatal K4 di Masa Pandemi COVID-19

  • Filpin Luciami Ayuwandini Haning Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Christina Olly Lada Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Marylin S. Junias Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Yermia Jefri Manafe Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Sabina Gero Universitas Nusa Cendana

Abstract

This study aims to analyze aspects of the Health Belief Model (HBM) with mothers' compliance with ANC K4 visits during the COVID-19 pandemic in the working area of ​​the Sikumana Health Center. The method used is quantitative with a cross-sectional design. The sampling technique uses simple random sampling. The results showed a significant relationship between maternal compliance with ANC K4 visits and the six aspects of HBM (perceived susceptibility, perceived seriousness, perceived benefit, perceived barrier, cues to action and self-efficacy). Data analysis using multiple logistic regression showed a simultaneous effect between perceived susceptibility (OR 8.315) and perceived benefit (OR 0.040) with maternal compliance with K4 antenatal visits; perceived susceptibility was the most dominant variable with p = 0.000, CI = 3.835 - 18,029. In conclusion, the HBM aspect that influences a mother's adherence to ANC visits is Perceived susceptibility. 

Keywords: Health Belief Model, Compliance of Pregnant Women, K4 Antenatal Visits

References

Afro, R. C., Isfiya, A., & Rochmah, T. N. (2021). Analisis Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kepatuhan terhadap Protokol Kesehatan Saat Pandemi COVID-19 Pada Masyarakat Jawa Timur: Pendekatan Health Belief Model. Journal of Community Mental Health and Public Policy, 3(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.51602/cmhp.v3i1.43

Antonakou, A. (2020). The Latest Update on the Effects of COVID-19 Infection in Prgenancy. European Journal of Midwifery, 215(1), 127–132. https://doi.org/10.18332/ejm.12.120973

Ariestanti, Y., Widayati, T., & Sulistyowati, Y. (2020). Determinan Perilaku Ibu Hamil Melakukan Pemeriksaan Kehamilan (Antenatal Care) pada Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Bidang Ilmu Kesehatan, 10(2), 203–216. https://doi.org/10.52643/jbik.v10i2.1107

Armaya, R. (2018). Kepatuhan Ibu Hamil dalam Melakukan Kunjungan Antenatal Care dan Faktor yang Mempengaruhi. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, 7(1), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.33221/jikm.v7i01.51

Duarsa, A. B. S., Mardiah, A., Hanafi, F., Karmila, D., & Anulus, A. (2021). Health Belief Model Concept on the Prevention of Coronavirus Disease-19 Using Path Analysis in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. International Journal of One Health, 7(1), 31-36. https://doi.org/10.14202/IJOH.2021.31-36

Ike, I., Putri, T. H., & Fujiana, F. (2021). Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga dengan Tingkat Kecemasan Ibu Hamil dalam Melakukan Kunjungan Antenatal Care pada Masa Pandemi COVID-19 di Kelurahan Sagatani. Jurnal ProNers, 6(1), 1–11. https://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jpn.v6i1.47999

Kahsay, Z. H., Hiluf, M. K., Shamie, R., Tadesse, Y., & Bazzano, A. N. (2019). Pregnant Women’s Intentions to Deliver at a Health Facility in the Pastoralist Communities of Afar, Ethiopia: An Application of the Health Belief Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(5), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050888

Kaswa, R., Rupesinghe, G. F. D., & Longo-Mbenza, B. (2018). Exploring the Pregnant Women’s Perspective of Late Booking of Antenatal Care Services at Mbekweni Health Centre in Eastern Cape, South Africa. African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine, 10(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v10i1.1300

Maharani, C. T., Sriatmi, A., & Suryoputro, A. (2018). Analisis Faktor Persepsi Kerentanan Ibu terhadap Pemanfaatan Kelas Ibu Hamil di Puskesmas Gayamsari Kota Semarang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal), 6(5), 33–38. https://doi.org/10.14710/jkm.v6i5.21972

Mahendra, A. D., Hidajaturrokhmah, N. Y., & Anggraeni, S. (2019). Analisis Kepatuhan Antenatal Care (ANC) terhadap Kejadian Komplikasi Kehamilan di Puskesmas Tiudan Kecamatan Gondang Kabupaten Tulungagung. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Keperawatan Indonesia, 9(4), 673–680. https://doi.org/10.33221/jiiki.v9i04.356

Narsih, U., & Hikmawati, N. (2020). Pengaruh Persepsi Kerentanan dan Persepsi Manfaat terhadap Perilaku Remaja Putri dalam Pencegahan Anemia. Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences, 4(1), 25-30. https://doi.org/10.24269/ijhs.v4i1.2328

Ningsih, P. (2020). Hubungan Umur, Pengetahuan dan Dukungan Keluarga dengan Kunjungan Antenatal Care (ANC) (K4) Ibu Hamil di Puskesmas Pariaman Tahun 2018. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Dan Kebidanan, 11(1), 62-69. https://doi.org/10.26751/jikk.v11i1.675

Orboi, Y., Msen, Y., Ruru, Y., & Mallongi, A. (2019). The Factors Influencing Four Visited Antenatal Care in Primary Health Centre in Sanggeng Manokari District, West Papua Province. International Journal of Science and Healthcare Research, 4(1), 202–210. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3932838

Padeng, E. P., Senudin, P. K., Laput, D. O., & Trisnawati, R. E. (2022). Self-Efficacy pada Ibu Hamil dengan Tingkat Kecemasan Selama Masa Pandemi COVID-19 di Ruteng. Care: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Kesehatan, 10(2), 258–266. https://doi.org/10.33366/jc.v10i2.2691

Sari, D. I., Wahyuni, N., & Sucipto, C. D. (2021). Hubungan Pengetahuan, Paritas, Pekerjaan Ibu dengan Keteraturan Kunjungan Ibu Hamil untuk ANC Selama Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Kesehatan Primer, 6(1), 22–31. https://doi.org/10.31965/jkp

Sinambela, M., & Solina, E. (2021). Analisis Faktor - Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Ibu Hamil terhadap Pemeriksaan Antenatal Care (ANC) Selama Pandemi COVID-19 di Puskesmas Talun Kenas Tahun 2020. Jurnal Kebidanan Kestra (JKK), 3(2), 128–135. https://doi.org/10.35451/jkk.v3i2.604

Syafti, R. O., Misnaniarti, M., & Sitorus, R. J. (2022). Persepsi Ibu Hamil tentang Kerentanan, Keseriusan dan Manfaat dengan Kejadian Anemia. Holistik Jurnal Kesehatan, 15(4), 572–580. https://doi.org/10.33024/hjk.v15i4.5598

Tekelab, T., Chojenta, C., Smith, R., & Loxton, D. (2019). Factors Affecting Utilization of Antenatal Care in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Metaanalysis. PLoS ONE, 14(4), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214848

Widyawati, W., Pamungkasari, E. P., & Murti, B. (2020). Contextual Effect of the Community Health Center on the Use of Antenatal Care: A Multilevel Analysis Evidence from Semarang, Central Java. Journal of Maternal and Child Health, 5(6), 663–672. https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2020.05.06.06
Published
2022-11-19
How to Cite
Haning, F., Lada, C., Junias, M., Manafe, Y., & Gero, S. (2022). Aspek Health Belief Model dan Kepatuhan Ibu Melakukan Kunjungan Antenatal K4 di Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 4(2), 804-819. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v4i2.3898
Abstract viewed = 0 times
pdf downloaded = 0 times