Perbedaan MBSR dan Terapi Musik untuk Menurunkan Stres pada Pasien Kanker Payudara di Era Pandemi COVID-19

  • Nur Arifah Astri Universitas Airlangga
  • Tintin Sukartini Universitas Airlangga
  • Hanik Endang Nihayati Universitas Airlangga


This study aims to determine the differences in the effectiveness of MBSR and music therapy in reducing the stress level of breast cancer patients in the COVID-19 pandemic era. The method used is a systematic review using the Scopus, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, PubMed and CINAHL databases. The JBI critical assessment checklist was used to assess the methodological quality of the included randomized controlled trials. The results showed that the MBSR intervention was carried out in 4-12 weeks, while music therapy was carried out in 12-40 minutes. MBSR and music therapy can reduce stress in breast cancer patients, but MBR therapy is more effective in the long term. In conclusion, MBSR and music therapy can be used as psychological therapy for breast cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.

 Keywords: Breast Cancer, MBSR, Stress, Music Therapy


Chirico, A., Maiorano, P., Indovina, P., Milanese, C., Giordano, G. G., Alivernini, F., Iodice, G., Gallo, L., De-Pietro, G., Lucidi, F., Botti, G., De Laurentiis, M., & Giordano, A. (2020). Virtual Reality and Music Therapy as Distraction Interventions to Alleviate Anxiety and Improve Mood States in Breast Cancer Patients during Chemotherapy. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 235(6), 5353–5362.

Elimimian, E., Elson, L., Bilani, N., Farrag, S. E., Dwivedi, A. K., Pasillas, R., & Nahleh, Z. A. (2020). Long-Term Effect of a Nonrandomized Psychosocial Mindfulness-Based Intervention in Hispanic/Latina Breast Cancer Survivors. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 19.

Greenlee, H., DuPont-Reyes, M. J., Balneaves, L. G., Carlson, L. E., Cohen, M. R., Deng, G., Johnson, J. A., Mumber, M., Seely, D., Zick, S. M., Boyce, L. M., & Tripathy, D. (2017). Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Evidence-Based Use of Integrative Therapies During and After Breast Cancer Treatment. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 67(3), 194–232.

Kang, C., Sun, S., Yang, Z., Fan, X., Yuan, J., Xu, L., Wei, Y., Tong, H., & Yang, J. (2021). The Psychological Effect of Internet-Based Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on the Survivors of Breast Cancer during the COVID-19. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, 1–10.

Karadag, E., Uğur, Ö., & Çetinayak, O. (2019). The Effect of Music Listening Intervention Applied during Radiation Therapy on the Anxiety and Comfort Level in Women with Early-Stage Breast Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 27, 39–44.

Kievisiene, J., Jautakyte, R., Rauckiene-Michaelsson, A., Fatkulina, N., & Agostinis-Sobrinho, C. (2020). The Effect of Art Therapy and Music Therapy on Breast Cancer Patients: What We Know and What We Need to Find Out - A Systematic Review. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2020.

Lemanne, D., & Maizes, V. (2018). Advising Women Undergoing Treatment for Breast Cancer: A Narrative Review. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 24(9–10), 902–909.

Lengacher, C. A., Reich, R. R., Paterson, C. L., Shelton, M., Shivers, S., Ramesar, S., Pleasant, M. L., Budhrani-Shani, P., Groer, M., Post-White, J., Johnson-Mallard, V., Kane, B., Cousin, L., Moscoso, M. S., Romershausen, T. A., & Park, J. Y. (2019). A Large Randomized Trial: Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for Breast Cancer (BC) Survivors on Salivary Cortisol and IL-6. Biological Research for Nursing, 21(1), 39–49.

Mirmahmoodi, M., Mangalian, P., Ahmadi, A., & Dehghan, M. (2020). The Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Group Counseling on Psychological and Inflammatory Responses of the Women with Breast Cancer. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 19, 1-9.

Modica, C., & Hoenig, K. (2018). Mindfulness in Follow-Up Care after Breast Cancer: Can It Prevent Recurrence? Breast Care, 13(2), 102–108.

Raglio, A., Oddone, E., Meaglia, I., Monti, M. C., Gnesi, M., Gontero, G., Imbriani, C., & Ivaldi, G. B. (2021). Conventional and Algorithmic Music Listening Before Radiotherapy Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. Brain Sciences, 11(12), 1-8.

Rossi, C., Maggiore, C., Rossi, M. M., Filippone, A., Guarino, D., Di Micco, A., Forcina, L., & Magno, S. (2021). A Model of an Integrative Approach to Breast Cancer Patients. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 20, 1-8.

Santos, M. S. Dos, Thomaz, F. de M., Jomar, R. T., Abreu, A. M. M., & Taets, G. G. D. C. C. (2021). Music in the Relief of Stress and Distress in Cancer Patients. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 74(2), 1-6.

Zhang, J. Y., Zhou, Y. Q., Feng, Z. W., Fan, Y. N., Zeng, G. C., & Wei, L. (2017). Randomized Controlled Trial of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on Posttraumatic Growth of Chinese Breast Cancer Survivors. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 22(1), 94–109.
Abstract viewed = 84 times
pdf downloaded = 89 times