Efektivitas Progressive Muscle Relaxation dan Mindfulness sebagai Manajemen Nyeri Kepala

  • Handira Nadhifatul Aini Universitas Airlangga Surabaya
  • Jaka Surya Hakim Universitas Airlangga
  • Natalia Christin Tiara Revita Stikes William Booth Surabaya


This study aims to determine the effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Mindfulness as mind-body therapy for headache management to children and adults. The method used is a systematic review of articles obtained from databases pubmed, proquest, Google Scholar, and scopus. The results showed that Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Mindfulness with and without combination are effective to reduce headache, improve quality of life, improve sleep quality, and reduce stress level. Conclusion, mind-body therapy such as Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Mindfulness are useful to headache management  for all ages.   Keywords : Headache Management, Mindfulness, Progressive Muscle Relaxation.


Al-Hassany, L., Haas, J., Piccininni, M., Kurth, T., Maassen Van Den Brink, A., & Rohmann, J. L. (2020). Giving Researchers a Headache – Sex and Gender Differences in Migraine. Frontiers in Neurology, 11(October), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.549038

Da Silva, L. A., Carnerio, A. L. B., Alves, L. B., Ramos, S. C. D. S.,, I. J. L., Brasil, A. W. D. L., & Sallem, F. A. S. (2022). Primary Headache in Academics : A Cross-sectional Study. Headache Medicine, 13(4), 249–256. https://doi.org/10.48208/HeadacheMed.2022.30

Gibler, R. C., Knestrick, K. E., Reidy, B. L., Lax, D. N., & Powers, S. W. (2022). Management of Chronic Migraine in Children and Adolescents: Where are We in 2022? Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, Volume 13(August), 309–323. https://doi.org/10.2147/phmt.s334744

Gopichandran, L., Srivastsava, A. K., Vanamail, P., Kanniammal, C., Valli, G., Mahendra, J., & Dhandapani, M. (2021). Effectiveness of Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Deep Breathing Exercise on Pain, Disability, and Sleep among Patients with Chronic Tension-type Headache a Randomized Control Trial. Holistic Nursing Practice, May, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1097/HNP.0000000000000460

Grazzi, L., Raggi, A., Guastafierro, E., Passavanti, M., Marcassoli, A., Montisano, D. A., & D’Amico, D. (2022). A Preliminary Analysis on the Feasibility and Short-Term Efficacy of a Phase-III RCT on Mindfulness Added to Treatment as Usual for Patients with Chronic Migraine and Medication Overuse Headache. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(21), 14116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192114116

Hatem, G., Mosleh, R., Goossens, M., Khachman, D., Al-Hajje, A., & Awada, S. (2022). Prevalence and Risk Factors of Migraine Headache among University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in Lebanon. Headache Medicine, 13(3), 213–221. https://doi.org/10.48208/headachemed.2022.23

Hidayati, H., & Kustriyani, A. (2020). Paracetamol, Migraine, and Medication Overuse Headache (MOH). JPHV (Journal of Pain, Vertigo and Headache), 1(2), 42–47. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jphv.2020.001.02.5

Jarraya, S., Jarraya, M., & Engel, F. A. (2022). Kindergarten-Based Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training Enhances Attention and Executive Functioning: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 129(3), 644–669. https://doi.org/10.1177/00315125221080334

Klein, J., & Koch, T. (2020). Headache in Children. Pediatrics in Review, 41(4), 159–171. https://doi.org/10.1542/pir.2017-0012

Koechlin, H., Kossowsky, J., Lam, T. L., Barthel, J., Gaab, J., Berde, C. B., Schwarzer, G., Linde, K., Meissner, K., & Locher, C. (2021). Nonpharmacological Interventions for Pediatric Migraine: A Network Meta-Analysis. Pediatrics, 147(4). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-4107

McGeary, D., & McGeary, C. (2021). Telerehabilitation for Headache Management. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, 32(2), 373–391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2021.01.005

Minen, M. T., Adhikari, S., Padikkala, J., Tasneem, S., Bagheri, A., Goldberg, E., Powers, S., & Lipton, R. B. (2020). Smartphone-Delivered Progressive Muscle Relaxation for the Treatment of Migraine in Primary Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Headache, 60(10), 2232–2246. https://doi.org/10.1111/head.14010

Nahman-Averbuch, H., Schneider, V. J., Chamberlin, L. A., Kroon Van Diest, A. M., Peugh, J. L., Lee, G. R., Radhakrishnan, R., Hershey, A. D., King, C. D., Coghill, R. C., & Powers, S. W. (2020). Alterations in Brain Function After Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Migraine in Children and Adolescents. Headache, 60(6), 1165–1182. https://doi.org/10.1111/head.13814

Pavlovic, J. M. (2021). Headache in Women. Continuum (Minneap Minn), 1(27), 686–702. https://doi.org/10.1212/CON.0000000000001010

Rastogi, R. G., Arnold, T. L., Borrero-Mejias, C., Hastriter, E. V., Hickman, C., Karnik, K. T., Lewis, K. S., & Little, R. D. (2021). Non-pharmacologic and Mindful-Based Approaches for Pediatric Headache Disorders: a Review. Current Pain and Headache Reports, 25(12), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11916-021-00993-w

Seminowicz, D. A., Burrowes, S. A. B., Kearson, A., Zhang, J., Krimmel, S. R., Samawi, L., Furman, A. J., Keaser, M. L., Gould, N. F., Magyari, T., White, L., Goloubeva, O., Goyal, M., Peterlin, B. L., & Haythornthwaite, J. A. (2020). Enhanced Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in Episodic Migraine: A Randomized Clinical Trial with Magnetic Resonance Imaging Outcomes. Pain, 161(8), 1837–1846. https://doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001860

Shkolna, M., & Gorsha, O. (2021). Physical Therapy of Tension Headache in High School Children. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 21(5), 2970–2974. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2021.s5394

Wells, R. E., O’Connell, N., Pierce, C. R., Estave, P., Penzien, D. B., Loder, E., Zeidan, F., & Houle, T. T. (2021). Effectiveness of Mindfulness Meditation vs Headache Education for Adults with Migraine: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Internal Medicine, 181(3), 317–328. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.7090

Ziplow, J. (2021). The Psychiatric Comorbidities of Migraine in Children and Adolescents. Current Pain and Headache Reports, 25(11), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11916-021-00983-y

Zisopoulou, T., & Varvogli, L. (2022). Stress Management Methods in Children and Adolescents – Past, Present, and Future. Hormone Research in Paediatrics, 96, 97–107. https://doi.org/10.1159/000526946
Abstract viewed = 53 times
pdf downloaded = 54 times