Efektivitas mHealth untuk Meningkatkan Kontrol Glikemik dan Kepatuhan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 pada Pasien Dewasa

  • Hani Andriyana Universitas Diponegoro
  • Meira Erawati Universitas Diponegoro
  • Untung Sujianto Universitas Diponegoro


This study aims to determine the effectiveness of Mobile Health (mHealth) in improving glycemic control and adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The method used is a systematic review. The results of this study are mHealth-based health interventions including blood sugar monitoring services with applications, short messages (SMS), voice calls via cell phones, video conferencing, and central call services conducted by health workers in 2-13 month intervals have benefits in increasing glycemic control and adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Services provided by health workers include health education, self-monitoring of blood sugar, diet counseling, healthy lifestyle tips, exercise, face-to-face counseling with health workers, stress management, and foot care. The conclusion of this study is that the mHealth program is effective in improving glycemic control and adherence in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in addition to diabetes care in general


Alonso-Domínguez, R., García-Ortiz, L., Patino-Alonso, M.C., Sánchez-Aguadero, N., Gómez-Marcos, M. A., & Recio-Rodríguez, J. I. (2019). Effectiveness of a Multifactorial Intervention in Increasing Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2: A Controlled and Randomized Study (EMID Study). Nutrients, 11(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010162

Alshorman, O., Masadeh, M. S., & Alshorman, B. (2021). Mobile Health Monitoring Based Studies for Diabetes Mellitus: A Review. Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, 10(3), 1405–1414. https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v10i3.3019

Artasensi, A., Pedretti, A., Vistoli, G., & Fumagalli, L. (2020). Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Review of Multi-Target Drugs. Molecules, 25(8), 1987. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25081987

Asante, E., Bam, V., Diji, A. K., Lomotey, A. Y., Boateng, A. O., Sarfo-Kantanka, O., Ansah, E. O., & Adjei, D. (2020). Pilot Mobile Phone Intervention in Promoting Type 2 Diabetes Management in an Urban Area in Ghana: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Diabetes Educator, 46(5), 455–464. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145721720954070

Azizah, S. A., & Novrianti, I. (2022). Pharmacotherapy of Diabetic Mellitus : A Review. Journal of Pharmacy and Science, 5(2), 80–91. https://doi.org/10.36341/jops.v5i2.2411

Azzam, M. M., Ibrahim, A. A., & El-Ghany, M. I. A. (2021). Factors Affecting Glycemic Control among Egyptian People with Diabetes Attending Primary Health Care Facilities in Mansoura District. The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine, 33(2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43162-021-00065-w

Esferjani, S.V., Naghizadeh, E., Albokordi, M., Zakerkish, M., & Araban, M. (2022). Effectiveness of a Mobile-Based Educational Intervention on Self-care Activities and Glycemic Control among The Elderly with Type 2 Diabetes in Southwest of Iran in 2020. Archives of Public Health, 80(1), 201. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13690-022-00957-5

Lee, J. Y., Chan, C. K. Y., Chua, S. S., Ng, C. J., Paraidathathu, T., Lee, K.K.C. & Lee, S. W. H. (2020). Telemonitoring and Team-Based Management of Glycemic Control on People with Type 2 Diabetes: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 35(1), 87–94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-05316-9

Mao, Y., Lin, W., Wen, J., & Chen, G. (2020). Impact and Efficacy of Mobile Health Intervention in the Management of Diabetes and Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta Analysis. BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care, 8, e001225. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjdrc-2020-001225

Mirahmadizadeh, A., Khorshidsavar, H., Seif, M., & Sharifi, M. H. (2020). Adherence to Medication, Diet and Physical Activity and the Associated Factors among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Therapy, 11(2), 479–494. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13300-019-00750-8

Pourhabibi, N., Mohebbi, B., Sadeghi, R., Shakibazadeh, E., Sanjari, M., Tol, A. & Yaseri, M. (2022). Determinants of Poor Treatment Adherence among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Limited Health Literacy: A Scoping Review. Journal of Diabetes Research, 2022, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/2980250

Safaruddin, S., & Permatasari, H. (2022). Teknologi Kesehatan Digital dalam Penanganan Masalah Diabetes Melitus: Literature Review. Malahayati Nursing Journal, 4(4), 960–970. https://doi.org/10.33024/mnj.v4i4.6201

Setyawati, A., Ngo, T., Padila, P., & Andri, J. (2020). Obesity and Heredity for Diabetes Mellitus among Elderly. JOSING: Journal of Nursing and Health, 1(1), 26-31. https://doi.org/10.31539/josing.v1i1.1149

Shan, R., Sarkar, S., & Martin, S. S. (2019). Digital Health Technology and Mobile Devices for the Management of Diabetes Mellitus: State of the Art. Diabetologia, 62(6), 877–887. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-019-4864-7

Stevens, S., Gallagher, S., Andrews, T., Ashall-Payne, L., Humphreys, L., & Leigh, S. (2022). The Effectiveness of Digital Health Technologies for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Clinical Diabetes and Healthcare, 3, 936752. https://doi.org/10.3389/fcdhc.2022.936752

Sun, H., Saeedi, P., Karuranga, S., Pinkepank, M., Ogurtsova, K., Duncan, B. B., Stein, C., Basit, A., Chan, J. C. N., Mbanya, J. C., Pavkov, M. E., Zhang, P., Bommer, C., Kuo, S., Boyko, E. J., & Magliano, D. J. (2022). IDF Diabetes Atlas: Global, Regional and Country-Level Diabetes Prevalence Estimates for 2021 and Projections for 2045. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 183, 109119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2021.109119

Tao, J., Gao, L., Liu, Q., Dong, K., Huang, J., Peng, X., Yang, Y., Wang, H., & Yu, X. (2020). Factors Contributing to Glycemic Control in Diabetes Mellitus Patients Complying with Home Quarantine During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Epidemic. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 170, 108514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108514

Yang, Y., Lee, E. Y., Kim, H., Lee, S., Yoon, K., & Cho, J. (2020). Effect of a Mobile Phone–Based Glucose-Monitoring and Feedback System for Type 2 Diabetes Management in Multiple Primary Care Clinic Settings: Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR MHealth and UHealth, 8(2), e16266. https://doi.org/10.2196/16266

Yu, K., Wu, S., Lee, P. J., Wu, D. A., Hsiao, H. Y., Tseng, Y. C., Wang, Y., Cheng, C., Wang, Y., Lee, S., & Chi, S. (2020). Longitudinal Effects of an Intergenerational mHealth Program for Older Type 2 Diabetes Patients in Rural Taiwan. Diabetes Educator, 46(2), 206–216. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145721720907301
How to Cite
Andriyana, H., Erawati, M., & Sujianto, U. (2023). Efektivitas mHealth untuk Meningkatkan Kontrol Glikemik dan Kepatuhan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 pada Pasien Dewasa. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 5(1), 376-386. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v5i1.5693
Abstract viewed = 58 times
pdf downloaded = 56 times