Psikoedukasi Pasangan Lansia dengan Hipertensi dan Ansietas

  • Yanti Apriyanti Universitas Indonesia
  • Achir Yani S Hamid Universitas Indonesia
  • Herni Susanti Universitas Indonesia
  • Yossi Susanti Eka Putri Universitas Indonesia

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the implementation of psychoeducation in elderly couples with hypertension and anxiety. The research uses a case study approach in one family of elderly couples as clients and caregivers who experience hypertension and pressure. The instruments used were advanced mental assessment using the Stuart adaptation stress model approach and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ)-20 to measure the ability and changes in the anxiety of elderly couples before and after family psychoeducation. Results: psychoeducation for elderly couples impacts increasing knowledge and ability to treat hypertension and pressure, and caregivers can manage stress and burden in the family. Conclusion: the application of family psychoeducation can be used to increase the knowledge and abilities of clients and caregivers in treating hypertension and anxiety for themselves and their family members.

 

Keywords: Anxiety, Hypertension, Elderly, Psychoeducation

References

Andari, F., Vioneery, D., Panzilion, P., Nurhayati, N., & Padila, P. (2020). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia dengan Senam Ergonomis. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 2(1), 81-90. https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v2i1.859

Andri, J., Padila, P., Sartika, A., Andrianto, M. B., & Harsismanto, J. (2021). Changes of Blood Pressure in Hypertension Patients Through Isometric Handgrip Exercise. JOSING: Journal of Nursing and Health, 1(2), 54-64. https://doi.org/10.31539/josing.v1i2.2326

Andri, J., Padila, P., & Arifin, N. A. (2021). Tingkat Kecemasan Pasien Kardiovaskuler pada Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 3(1), 382-389. https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v3i1.2167

Andri, J., Permata, F., Padila, P., Sartika, A., & Andrianto, M. B. (2021). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Pasien Hipertensi Menggunakan Intervensi Slow Deep Breathing Exercise. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 5(1), 255–262. https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v5i1.2917

Andri, J., Waluyo, A., Jumaiyah, W., & Nastashia, D. (2018). Efektivitas Isometric Handgrip Exercise dan Slow Deep Breathing Exercise terhadap Perubahan Tekanan Darah pada Penderita Hipertensi. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 2(1), 371–384. https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v2i1.382

Ariska, Y. N., Handayani, P. A., & Hartati, E. (2020). Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Beban Caregiver dalam Merawat Keluarga yang Mengalami Stroke. Holistic Nursing and Health Science, 3(1), 52–63. https://doi.org/10.14710/hnhs.3.1.2020.52-63

Budiarti, I. S., Nora, R., & Putri, M. (2022). Pengaruh Psikoedukasi Keluarga terhadap Ansietas dan Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat pada Lansia yang Mempunyai Penyakit Degeneratif di Puskesmas Nan Balimo Kota Solok dalam Menghadapi Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Menara Ilmu, 16(1), 41-52. https://doi.org/10.31869/mi.v16i1.3021

Cao, L., Li, X., Yan, P., Wang, X., Li, M., Li, R., Shi, X., Liu, X., & Yang, K. (2019). The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise for Hypertensive Population: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 21(7), 868– 876. https://doi.org/10.1111/jch.13583

Cahyanti, A. N., & Utomo, D. E. (2021). Dukungan Keluarga dan Perilaku Penderita Hipertensi terhadap Pencegahan Stroke. Jurnal Kesehatan, 14(1), 87–97. https://doi.org/10.23917/jk.v14i1.12058

Cempaka, A. A. (2020). Literatur Review: Pengaruh Psikoedukasi Keluarga terhadap Kemampuan Keluarga dalam Merawat Anggota Keluarga dengan Skizoprenia. Lentera, 8(2), 123-137. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/474129-literature-review-impact-of-family-psych-52744488.pdf

Daziah, E., & Rahayu, S. (2020). Hubungan antara Dukungan Keluarga dengan Perilaku Perawatan Hipertensi yang Dilakukan oleh Keluarga di Rumah. Dinamika Kesehatan: Jurnal Kebidanan dan Keperawatan, 11(1), 79–88. https://doi.org/10.33859/dksm.v11i1.477

Desianti, L., Dewi, I. P., & Aisyah, P. S. (2020). Pengaruh Psikoedukasi terhadap Family Caregiver dalam Merawat Anggota Keluarga dengan Perawatan Paliatif. Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Undergraduate Conference, 367–374. http://download.garuda.kemdikbud.go.id/article.php?article=2495040

Dewi, N., Purnama, A., Anie, A., Olivia, L., Annisa, H., Irwanti, L., Anie W, A. W., Hasanah, I., Agustiani, H., Sobrina, N., Nurtika, B. L., Mulyawati, M., Nia, N., & Eny, E. (2022). Intervensi Slow Deep Breathing Exercise untuk Menurunkan Tekanan Darah pada Pasien Hipertensi. Open Access Jakarta Journal of Health Sciences, 1(9), 313–317. https://doi.org/10.53801/oajjhs.v1i9.69

Dinkes Kota Bogor. (2021). Profil Kesehatan Kota Bogor 2020. https://dinkes.kotabogor.go.id/home/po-content/uploads/profil_kesehatan_kota_bogor_2020_fix_.pdf

Ermayani, M., Prabawati, D., & Susilo, W. H. (2020). The Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on Anxiety and Blood Pressure among Hypertension Patients in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Enfermería Clínica, 30(supplement 7), 121–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2020.07.025

Faijurahman, A. N. (2022). Gambaran Kecemasan Lansia yang Menderita Hipertensi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sukaraja. Jurnal Kesehatan Tambusai, 3(3), 479–486. https://doi.org/10.31004/jkt.v3i3.6947

Harkomah, I., Maulani, M., Az, R., & Dasuki, D. (2022). Teknik Relaksasi Napas dalam Menurunkan Ansietas Lansia dengan Hipertensi di Puskesmas Putri Ayu Kota Jambi. JUKESHUM: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 2(2), 184–190. https://doi.org/10.51771/jukeshum.v2i2.305

Harsismanto, J., Andri, J., Payana, T., Andrianto, M., & Sartika, A. (2020). Kualitas Tidur Berhubungan dengan Perubahan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 2(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.31539/jka.v2i1.1146

Kemenkes. (2020). Mengenal Hipertensi. https://upk.kemkes.go.id/new/mengenal-penyakit-hipertensi

Kumala, A. S. (2020). Gambaran Tingkat Kecemasan Lansia Penderita Hipertensi di Wilayah Puskesmas Kartasura. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta,. http://eprints.ums.ac.id/id/eprint/84632

Padila, P., Andri, J., Andrianto, M., Sartika, A., & Oktaviyani, Y. (2022). Bermain Edukatif Ular Tangga Mampu Mengatasi Kecemasan pada Anak Hospitalisasi. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 4(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.31539/jka.v4i1.3748

Permata, F., Andri, J., Padila, P., Andrianto, M. B., & Sartika, A. (2021). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Pasien Hipertensi Menggunakan Teknik Alternate Nostril Breathing Exercise. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 3(2), 60–69. https://doi.org/10.31539/jka.v3i2.2973

Pole, J. S., Andri, J., & Padila, P. (2021). Cardiovascular Patient’s Anxiety in the Time of the COVID-19 Pandemic. JOSING: Journal of Nursing and Health, 2(1), 15-21. https://doi.org/10.31539/josing.v2i1.3022

Primasari, Y., & Rahmawati, E. Y. (2021). Terapi Relaksasi Otot Progresif sebagai Upaya dalam Menurunkan Ansietas pada Penyakit Fisik. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa, 4(2), 383-392. https://journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikj

Rismawati, R., & Noviyanti, E. (2020). Hubungan Kecemasan dengan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia. Jurnal Stethoscope, 1(1), 49–57. http://dx.doi.org/10.54877/stethoscope.v1i1.781

Rodin, M. A., Susanti, H., & Wardani, I. Y. (2020). Application of Generalis and Specialists : Psycheducation Activities on Clients and Caregivers with Hipertension. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa, 3(4), 405–412. https://doi.org/10.32584/jikj.v3i4.647

Sabar, S., & Lestari, A. (2020). Efektifitas Latihan Progressive Muscle Relaxation terhadap Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Pasien Hipertensi di Makassar. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Pencerah, 09(1), 1–9. https://garuda.kemdikbud.go.id/documents/detail/1736464

Sartika, A., Andri, J., & Padila, P. (2022). Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) Intervention with Slow Deep Breathing Exercise (SDBE) on Blood Pressure of Hypertension Patients. JOSING: Journal of Nursing and Health, 2(2), 65-76. https://doi.org/10.31539/josing.v2i2.3485

Sartika, A., Betrianita, B., Andri, J., Padila, P., & Nugrah, A. V. (2020). Senam Lansia Menurunkan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 2(1), 11–20. https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v2i1.1126

Sholikhah, N. P. N., Laksmi, A. T,, & Supratman, S. (2021). Gambaran Tingkat Stres dan Kecemasan Penderita Hipertensi di Baki Kabupaten Sukoharjo. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Keperawatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 69–75. http://hdl.handle.net/11617/12453

Torales, J., O’Higgins, M., Barrios, I., González, I., & Almirón, M. (2020). An Overview of Jacobson’s Progressive Muscle Relaxation in Managing Anxiety. Revista Argentina de Clinica Psicologica, 29(3), 17–23. https://doi.org/10.24205/03276716.2020.748

WHO. (2021). Hypertension. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension
Published
2023-04-07
Abstract viewed = 293 times
pdf downloaded = 272 times