Peningkatan Kompetensi Spiritual Care Perawat Menggunakan Metode Reflektif Praktis

  • Yulia Arianti Universitas Diponegoro
  • Luky Dwiantoro Universitas Diponegoro
  • Meidiana Dwidianti Universitas Diponegoro
  • Madya Sulisno Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Raja Musa Sungai Guntung


The aim of this research is to find out practical reflective methods that are suitable for improving nurses' spiritual care competence. This research uses the scoping review method. Literature search on electronic databases namely SCOPUS, Science Direct, ProQuest. The time the article was published was January 2013 to December 2022. The final search results were 7 articles that met the inclusion criteria. There are three themes, namely group reflection methods that are appropriate to be applied in the clinical area of nursing, the role of the facilitator for reflection groups as the key to conveying the spiritual care experience of nurses, and a conducive teaching and learning environment in the clinical area. The conclusion from this research is that there is a need for reflection methods that are adapted to the needs of nurses in clinical areas. Nursing management can carry out guided group reflection methods for implementing nurses and training facilitators to lead group reflection. Apart from that, a safe and comfortable environment is needed in sharing experiences in groups.


Keywords: Nurse Competency, Reflective Practice, Spiritual care


Almaghrabi, Z. A., & Saati, H. S. (2022). Patient Satisfaction on the Holistic Care Approach Rendered by Nurses in the Oncology Ward. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 89(1), 6041–6050.

Anisa, N. R., Erika, K. A., & Rachmawaty, R. (2018). Nurse’s Spiritual Care Competencies to Patient with End Stage Breast Cancer. International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), 7(4), 268.

Burkhart, L., Bretschneider, A., Gerc, S., & Desmond, M. E. (2019). Spiritual Care in Nursing Practice in Veteran Health Care. Global Qualitative Nursing Research, 6, 2333393619843110.

Chen, J., Lin, Y., Yan, J., Wu, Y., & Hu, R. (2018). The Effects of Spiritual Care on Quality of Life and Spiritual Well-Being Among Patients with Terminal Illness: A Systematic Review. Palliative Medicine, 32(7), 1167–1179.

Chen, M., Chen, Y., Lin, L., & Chuang, L. (2020). Factors Influencing the Self‐Perceived Competencies in Spiritual Care of Nurses in the Long‐Term Care Facilities. Journal of Nursing Management, 28(6), 1286–1294.

de Diego-Cordero, R., López-Gómez, L., Lucchetti, G., & Badanta, B. (2022). Spiritual Care in Critically Ill Patients during COVID-19 Pandemic. Nursing outlook, 70(1), 64-77.

Echterhoff, G., & Higgins, E. T. (2017). Creating Shared Reality in Interpersonal and Intergroup Communication: the Role of Epistemic Processes and Their Interplay. European Review of Social Psychology, 28(1), 175–226.

Ekebergh, M., Andersson, N., & Eskilsson, C. (2018). Intertwining of Caring and Learning in Care Practices Supported By A Didactic Approach. Nurse Education in Practice, 31, 95–100.

Errasti-Ibarrondo, B., Choperena, A., & Wilson, D. M. (2023). Reading and Reflecting on Experiential Accounts of Hospital Patients to Foster A Person-Centered Care Approach: A Novel Educational Method. Teaching and Learning in Nursing, 18(1), 166-175.

Goulet, M., Larue, C., & Alderson, M. (2016). Reflective Practice: A Comparative Dimensional Analysis of the Concept in Nursing and Education Studies. Nursing Forum, 51(2), 139–150.

Harwijayanti, B. P., Pardede, J. A., Purba, R., Kusumawaty, I., & Agustini, M. (2022). Psikologi Keperawatan. Get Press

Ingham-Broomfield, B. (2021). A Nurses’ Guide to Using Models of Reflection. The Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 38(4), 62–67.

Jarvis, M.-A., & Baloyi, O. B. (2020). Scaffolding in reflective journaling: A means to Develop Higher Order Thinking Skills in Undergraduate Learners. International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences, 12, 100195.

Jones, K. F., Paal, P., Symons, X., & Best, M. C. (2021). The Content, Teaching Methods and Effectiveness of Spiritual Care Training for Healthcare Professionals: A mixed-methods systematic review. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 62(3), e261-e278.

McEwan, M., & Wills, E. M. (2021). Theoretical Basis for Nursing. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Menkes. (2022). Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia tentang Standar Akreditasi Rumah Sakit (Nomor HK.01.07/MENKES/1128/2022).

Ningsih, D. M. (2018). Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Perilaku Caring Perawat dalam Memberikan Spiritual Care Islam di Ruang Rawat Inap Rumah Sakit Muhammadiyah Bandung. Jurnal Keperawatan’Aisyiyah, 5(2), 79–88.

O’Brien, B., & Graham, M. M. (2020). BSc Nursing & Midwifery Students Experiences of Guided Group Reflection in Fostering Personal and Professional Development. Part 2. Nurse Education in Practice, 48, 102884.

Park, M., Lee, M., Jeong, H., Jeong, M., & Go, Y. (2018). Patient-and Family-Centered Care Interventions for Improving the Quality of Health Care: A Review of Systematic Reviews. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 87, 69–83.

Ross, L., Giske, T., Boughey, A. J., van Leeuwen, R., Attard, J., Kleiven, T., & McSherry, W. (2022). Development of A Spiritual Care Education Matrix: Factors Facilitating/Hindering Improvement of Spiritual Care Competency in Student Nurses and Midwives. Nurse Education Today, 105403.

Strand, K., Carlsen, L. B., & Tveit, B. (2017). Nursing Students’ Spiritual Talks with Patients–Evaluation of A Partnership Learning Programme in Clinical Practice. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 26(13–14), 1878–1886.

Tajbakhsh, F., Hosseini, M., Fallahi-Khoshknab, M., Rokofian, A., Rahgozar, M., & Mary Davidson, P. (2018). The Effect of Spiritual Care on Depression in Patients Following Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Religions, 9(5), 159.

Tunny, H., Saleh, A., & Rachmawaty, R. (2022). Persepsi, Kompetensi dan Hambatan Perawat dalam Pemenuhan Spiritual Care Pasien: Literature Review. Care: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Kesehatan, 10(1), 35–49.

Zhang, C., Fan, H., Xia, J., Guo, H., Jiang, X., & Yan, Y. (2017). The Effects of Reflective Training on the Disposition of Critical Thinking for Nursing Students in China: A Controlled Trial. Asian Nursing Research, 11(3), 194–200.
Abstract viewed = 29 times
pdf downloaded = 33 times