Efektivitas Aromaterapi terhadap Kualitas Tidur dan Kecemasan

  • Vania Pangestika Purwaningrum Universitas Diponegoro
  • Fitria Handayani Handayani Universitas Diponegoro
  • Dwi Pudjonarko Universitas Diponegoro


This study aims to determine the effectiveness of aromatherapy on sleep quality and anxiety in elderly adult population patients. The method used is a systematic review related to the management of sleep disorders and anxiety with aromatherapy. The results showed that aromatherapy given by inhalation and massage methods with lavender, rosa damascene, chamomile and neroli essential oils for at least three nights and a maximum of thirty days was considered to have an effect on sleep quality and anxiety. Conclusion, aromatherapy is effective in improving sleep quality and reducing anxiety.

Keywords: Anxiety, Aromatherapy, Sleep Quality


Abdelhakim, A. M., Hussein, A. S., Doheim, M. F., & Sayed, A. K. (2020). The Effect of Inhalation Aromatherapy in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 48(August 2019), 102256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2019.102256

Acmovic, M. (2021). Essential Oils : Inhalation Aromatherapy. Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management Review, 4(2), 547–557. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/349485550_Essential_Oils_Inhalation_Aromatherapy_-A_Comprehensive_Review

ADAA. (2022). Anxiety Disorders-Fact & Statistics. In Anxiety & Depression Assosiation of America. https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/facts-statistics

Chavez-Delgado, E. L., & Jacobo-Velázquez, D. A. (2023). Essential Oils: Recent Advances on Their Dual Role as Food Preservatives and Nutraceuticals against the Metabolic Syndrome. Foods, 12(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/foods12051079

Efe Arslan, D., & Kılıc Akca, N. (2020). The Effect of Aromatherapy Hand Massage on Distress and Sleep Quality in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 39(March), 101136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2020.101136

Farrar, A. J. (2020). Clinical Aromatherapy. Nursing Clinical North, 55(4), 489–504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnur.2020.06.015.

Genc, H., & Saritas, S. (2020). The Effects of Lavender Oil on The Anxiety and Vital Signs of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Patients in Preoperative Period. Explore, 16(2), 116–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2019.07.008

Her, J., & Cho, M. K. (2021). Effect Of Aromatherapy on Sleep Quality of Adults and Elderly People: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 60, 102739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2021.102739

Hsu, H. C., Lin, M. H., Lee, H. F., Wu, C. Y., Chou, C. T., & Lin, S. F. (2021). Effects of Aromatherapy With Essential Oil Massage on The Sleep Quality of Critical Care Nurses: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 43(September 2020), 101358. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2021.101358

Huang, L., Zhou, J., Li, H., Wang, Y., Wu, X., & Wu, J. (2022). Sleep Behaviour and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Patients After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention During Cardiac Rehabilitation: Protocol for a Longitudinal Study. BMJ Open, 12(6). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057117

Hwang, E., & Shin, S. (2015). The Effects of Aromatherapy on Sleep Improvement: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 21(2), 61–68. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2014.0113

Iddagoda, M. T., Inderjeeth, C. A., Chan, K., & Raymond, W. D. (2020). Post-Stroke Sleep Disturbances and Rehabilitation Outcomes: A Prospective Cohort Study. Internal Medicine Journal, 50(2), 208–213. https://doi.org/10.1111/imj.14372

Ji, A., Lou, H., Lou, P., Xu, C., Zhang, P., Qiao, C., & Yang, Q. (2020). Interactive Effect of Sleep Duration and Sleep Quality on Risk of Stroke: An 8-Year Follow-Up Study in China. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65611-y

Jodaki, K., Abdi, K., Mousavi, M. S., Mokhtari, R., Asayesh, H., Vandali, V., & Golitaleb, M. (2021). Effect of Rosa Damascene Aromatherapy on Anxiety and Sleep Quality in Cardiac Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 42(December 2020), 101299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2020.101299

Mc Carthy, C. E. (2021). Sleep Disturbance, Sleep Disorders and Co-Morbidities in the Care of the Older Person. Medical Sciences (Basel, Switzerland), 9(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci9020031

McArdle, N., Ward, S. V., Bucks, R. S., Maddison, K., Smith, A., Huang, R. C., Pennell, C. E., Hillman, D. R., & Eastwood, P. R. (2020). The Prevalence of Common Sleep Disorders in Young Adults: A Descriptive Population-Based Study. Sleep, 43(10), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsaa072

Moore, J. L., Carvalho, D. Z., St Louis, E. K., & Bazil, C. (2021). Sleep and Epilepsy: a Focused Review of Pathophysiology, Clinical Syndromes, Co-morbidities, and Therapy. Neurotherapeutics, 18(1), 170–180. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13311-021-01021-w

Page, M. J., McKenzie, J. E., Bossuyt, P. M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T. C., Mulrow, C. D., Shamseer, L., Tetzlaff, J. M., Akl, E. A., Brennan, S. E., Chou, R., Glanville, J., Grimshaw, J. M., Hróbjartsson, A., Lalu, M. M., Li, T., Loder, E. W., Mayo-Wilson, E., McDonald, S., … Moher, D. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 Statement: An Updated Guideline for Reporting Systematic Reviews. The BMJ, 372. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n71

Prima, I. G. A., & Ap, D. (2013). Lavender Aromateraphy As a Relaxant. E-Jurnal Medika Udayana, 2(1), 21–53. https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/eum/article/view/4871

Sitoresmi, H., Masyitha Irwan, A., Sjattar, E. L., & Usman, S. (2020). The Effect of Foot Massage in Lowering Intradialytic Blood Pressure at Hemodialysis Unit in Indonesian Hospital. Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, 8(4), 1272–1276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cegh.2020.04.026

Tang, Y., Gong, M., Qin, X., Su, H., Wang, Z., & Dong, H. (2021). The Therapeutic Effect of Aromatherapy on Insomnia: a Meta-Analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 288(March), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.03.066

The Joanna Briggs Institute. (2020). Checklist for Randomized Controlled Trials. Joanna Briggs Institute, 1–9. http://joannabriggs.org/research/critical-appraisal-tools.htmlwww.joannabriggs.org%0Ahttp://joannabriggs.org/research/critical-appraisal-tools.htmlwww.joannabriggs.org%0Ahttp://joannabriggs.org/research/critical-appraisal-tools.html

Zhou, L., Yu, K., Yang, L., Wang, H., Xiao, Y., Qiu, G., Liu, X., Yuan, Y., Bai, Y., Li, X., Yang, H., He, M., Wang, C., Wu, T., & Zhang, X. (2020). Sleep Duration, Midday Napping, and Sleep Quality and Incident Stroke: The Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort. Neurology, 94(4), e345–e356. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000008739
Abstract viewed = 72 times
pdf downloaded = 71 times