Gambaran Efikasi Diri Pasien Diabetes Mellitus

  • Yusvita Walia Universitas Andalas
  • Hema Malini Universitas Andalas
  • Elvi Oktarina Universitas Andalas

Abstract

This study aimed to see a picture of self-efficacy in patients with diabetes mellitus at the Padang Pariaman Health Center. The method used is a quantitative research method with a descriptive design with a survey approach. The sample in this study was 92 respondents. The results showed that of the 92 respondents with good self-efficacy, as much as 42.4%, while 57.6% had poor self-efficacy. In conclusion, self-efficacy in diabetes mellitus patients will affect patients in behaving and being committed so that the goals of the desired behavior change can be achieved with self-efficacy. Individuals with solid self-efficacy have high hopes for the success of achieving goals, while individuals with low self-efficacy have doubts about achieving their goals.

 

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Self Efficacy, Chronic Disease

References

Alamsyah, Q., Dewi, W. N., & Utomo, W. (2020). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Self Efficacy Pasien Penyakit Jantung Koroner Setelah Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. Jurnal Ners Indonesia, 11(1), 65. https://doi.org/10.31258/jni.11.1.65-74

Anandarma, S. O., Asmaningrum, N., & Nur, K. R. M. (2021). Hubungan Efikasi Diri Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 dengan Risiko Rawat Ulang di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Dr. Harjono Kabupaten Ponorogo. Jurnal Keperawatan Sriwijaya, 8(2), 39–49. https://doi.org/10.32539/jks.v8i2.15301

Andriani, R., Malini, H., & Gusty, R. P. (2021). Manajemen Diri Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Pasca Edukasi Terstruktur Indonesian Group-Based Development Program (InGDEP) di Puskesmas Lubuk Buaya Padang. Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan Suara Forikes, 12(1), 5–12. https://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf12nk202

Dewi, C. E., Soleha, U., & Sari, R. Y (2021). The Role of Family Support and Self-Efficacy on Self-Care Behavior in the Elderly with Type 2 Diabetes. Journal of Health Sciences, 14(02), 82–89. https://doi.org/10.33086/jhs.v14i02.1801

Dedefo, M. G., Ejeta, B. M., Wakjira, G. B., Mekonen, G. F., & Labata, B. G. (2019). Self-Care Practices Regarding Diabetes Among Diabetic Patients in West Ethiopia. BMC Research Notes, 12(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4258-4

Dinas Kesehatan Kota Padang. (2018). Profil Dinas Kesehatan Kota Padang Tahun 2018. https://dinkes.padang.go.id/profil-kesehatan-th-2018

Eroglu, N., & Sabuncu, N. (2021). The Effect of Education Given to Type 2 Diabetic Individuals on Diabetes Self-Management and Self-Efficacy: Randomized controlled trial. Primary Care Diabetes, 15(3), 451–458. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2021.02.011

IDF. (2021). IDF Diabetes Atlas Ninth Edition 2019. https://www.diabetesatlas.org/upload/resources/material/20200302_133351_IDFATLAS9e-final-web.pdf

Mahdi, M. I. (2022). Penderita Diabetes Indonesia Terbesar Kelima di Dunia. dataindonesia.id/kesehatan/detail/penderita-diabetes-indonesia-terbesar-kelima-di-dunia

Karimy, M., Koohestani, H. R., & Araban, M. (2018). The Association between Attitude, Self-Efficacy, and Social Support and Adherence to Diabetes Self-Care Behavior. Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome, 10(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13098-018-0386-6

Kemenkes. (2020). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2019. https://www.kemkes.go.id/downloads/resources/download/pusdatin/profil-kesehatan-indonesia/Profil-Kesehatan-Indonesia-2019.pdf

Kemenkes, R. (2018). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2018. https://kesmas.kemkes.go.id/assets/upload/dir_519d41d8cd98f00/files/Hasil-riskesdas-2018_1274.pdf

Marbun, A. S., Siregar, R., Martina, S. E., Safitri, S., Ziliwu, B. A., & Simanjuntak, J. (2021). Penatalaksanaan Diabetes Self Management Education (Dsme) pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2. Jurnal Abdimas Mutiara, 2(2), 226–230. http://e-journal.sari-mutiara.ac.id/index.php/JAM/article/view/2205

Mariatun, M., Munir, A., & Metia, C. (2020). Hubungan Self Efficacy dan Dukungan Keluarga dengan Kecemasan Siswa pada Pelajaran Matematika Sekolah Menegah Atas Negeri 2 Sinabang. Tabularasa: Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Psikologi, 2(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.31289/tabularasa.v2i1.281

Mellisyah, A. (2018). “Keyakinan Diri (Self Efficacy) dan Intensi Perilaku Mencontek Pada Saat Ujian (Studi Kasus Pada Sekelompok Mahasiswa Jurusan BPI). http://eprints.radenfatah.ac.id/1507/

Munir, N. W., & Solissa, M. D. (2021). Hubungan Self-Efficacy dengan Self Care pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus. Jurnal Keperawatan Widya Gantari Indonesia, 5(1), 9. https://doi.org/10.52020/jkwgi.v5i1.1972

Pace, A. E., Gomes, L. C., Bertolin, D. C., Loureiro, H. M. A. M., Van Der Bijl, J., & Shortridge-Baggett, L. M. (2017). Adaptation and Validation of the Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale to Brazilian Portuguese1. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem, 25, e2861. https://doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.1543.286

Pranata, J. A., & Sari, I. W. W. (2021). Hubungan Efikasi Diri dengan Kontrol Gula Darah pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe-2 di Puskesmas Gamping 2 Sleman Yogyakarta. Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan Suara Forikes, 12(8), 495–498. http://forikes-ejournal.com/index.php/SF/article/view/1457

Prihatin, K., Suprayitna, M., & Fatmawati, B. R. (2019). Motivasi terhadap Efikasi Diri dalam Perawatan Diri pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2. Jurnal Kesehatan Qamarul Huda, 7(1), 27–35. https://doi.org/10.37824/jkqh.v7i1.2019.69

Rahman, H. F., Yulia, & Sukmarini, L. (2017). Efikasi Diri, Kepatuhan, dan Kualitas Hidup Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2. E-Jurnal Pustaka Kesehatan, 5(1), 108–113. https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/JPK/article/view/4059

Sastra, L., & Despitasari, L. (2021). Faktor - Faktor Internal yang Mempengaruhi Self Care Management Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 di Poliklinik Khusus Penyakit Dalam RSUP Dr M. Djamil Padang. Jurnal Kesehatan Mercusuar, 8(1), 10–15. https://doi.org/10.36984/jkm.v3i1.73

Weledegebriel, M., Mulugeta, A., & Hailu, A. (2021). Evaluation of Self-Care Practice and its Associated Factors in Adult Diabetic Patients, Ayder Diabetic Clinic, Mekelle, Ethiopia. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 14, 2239–2245. https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S285181

Widiyanti, L. P., Yasa, D. P., & Raningsih, N. M. (2020). Hubungan Self Efficacy dengan Kendali Glikemik pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe II : Literature Review. Jurnal Kesehatan, Vol 5(No 2), 341–360. https://doi.org/10.52073/midwinerslion.v5i2.187
Published
2023-08-16
Abstract viewed = 132 times
pdf downloaded = 105 times