Pemberian Aromaterapi Lavender terhadap Kualitas Tidur Pasien Hemodialisis

  • Yeni Hartati Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Irna Nursanti Universitas Muhammadyah Jakarta
  • Diana Irawati Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Dhea Natashia Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Uswatun Hasanah Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Persahabatan


This study aims to determine the effectiveness of lavender aromatherapy on hemodialysis patients' sleep quality. The method used is experimental intervention twice a week for four weeks. Before and after the intervention, sleep quality will be measured using the PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) instrument. The results showed that (t = 22.789, p = 0.0001). 7.3% of the variable variation in the model was able to explain changes in the percentage of sleep quality (R2=0.073). Education variables (β=0.240, p=1.888), duration of HD (β=0.227, p=1.583), and the variable that is a predictor of sleep quality is gender (β=-0.006, p=0.421). In conclusion, there is a relationship between giving lavender aromatherapy and the sleep quality of hemodialysis patients compared to patients who did not receive lavender aromatherapy.


Keywords: Lavender Aromatherapy, Hemodialysis, Sleep Quality


Aybek, N., & Tuncay, F. O. (2022). Effect of Pruritus on Sleep Quality in Individuals Undergoing Hemodialysis Effect of Pruritus on Sleep Quality Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 32(1), 541-547.

Beyliklioğlu, A., & Arslan, S. (2019). Effect of Lavender Oil on the Anxiety of Patients Before Breast Surgery. Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing : Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses, 34(3), 587–593.

Cheng, H., Lin, L., Wang, S., Zhang, Y., Liu, T., Yuan, Y., Chen, Q., & Tian, L. (2022). Aromatherapy with Single Essential Oils Can Significantly Improve the Sleep Quality of Cancer Patients: A Meta-Analysis. BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies, 22(1), 187.

Donelli, D., Antonelli, M., Bellinazzi, C., Gensini, G. F., & Firenzuoli, F. (2019). Effects of Lavender on Anxiety: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Phytomedicine : International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology, 65, 153099.

Fotaraki, Z. M., Gerogianni, G., Vasilopoulos, G., Polikandrioti, M., Giannakopoulou, N., & Alikari, V. (2022). Depression, Adherence, and Functionality in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis. Cureus, 14(2), e21872.

Gao, Y., Wang, J. Y., Ke, F., Tao, R., Liu, C., & Yang, S. Y. (2022). Effectiveness of Aromatherapy Yoga in Stress Reduction and Sleep Quality Improvement among Chinese Female College Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland), 10(9), 1686.

Genç, F., Karadağ, S., Kılıç Akça, N., Tan, M., & Cerit, D. (2020). The Effect of Aromatherapy on Sleep Quality and Fatigue Level of the Elderly: A Randomized Controlled Study. Holistic Nursing Practice, 34(3), 155–162.

Harsismanto, J., Andri, J., Payana, T., Andrianto, M. B., & Sartika, A. (2020). Kualitas Tidur Berhubungan dengan Perubahan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 2(1), 1-11.

Her, J., & Cho, M. K. (2021). Effect of Aromatherapy on Sleep Quality of Adults and Elderly People: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 60, 102739.

Karadag, E., & Baglama, S. S. (2019). The Effect of Aromatherapy on Fatigue and Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Study. Holistic Nursing Practice, 33(4), 222–229.

Karimi, N., Hasanvand, S., Beiranvand, A., Gholami, M., & Birjandi, M. (2023). The Effect of Aromatherapy with Pelargonium Graveolens (P. GRAVEOLENS) on the Fatigue and Sleep Quality of Critical Care Nurses During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Explore (New York, N.Y.), S1550-8307(23)00126-X. Advance online publication.

Khaleghi, F., Pouraboli, B., Abadian, L., Dehghan, M., & Miri, S. (2021). The Effect of Emotional Disclosure by Writing on the Depression of Hemodialysis Patients in Iran: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(4), 223–229.

Kovesdy C. P. (2022). Epidemiology of Chronic Kidney Disease: An Update 2022. Kidney International Supplements, 12(1), 7–11.

Lin, P. C., Lee, P. H., Tseng, S. J., Lin, Y. M., Chen, S. R., & Hou, W. H. (2019). Effects of Aromatherapy on Sleep Quality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 45, 156–166.

Pius, E. S., & Herlina, S. (2019). Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kualitas Tidur pada Pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronik yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di Rumah Sakit Tarakan Jakarta. Jurnal Keperawatan Widya Gantari Indonesia, 3(1), 1-14.

Raja, S. M., & Seyoum, Y. (2020). Intradialytic Complications among Patients on Twice-Weekly Maintenance Hemodialysis: An Experience from a Hemodialysis Center in Eritrea. BMC Nephrology, 21(1), 163.

Riskesdas. (2018). Badan Penelitian dan Pengembagan Kesehatan Kementrian RI Tahun 2018. riskesdas2018.pdf

Rosdiana, I., & Cahyati, Y. (2021). The Effect of the Progressive Muscle Relaxation Combined withs Lavender Aromatherapy on Insomnia of Hemodialysis Patients. Enfermeria Nefrologica, 24(1), 39-46.

Siregar, A. (2019). Prevalensi dan Karakteristik Penyakit Ginjal Kronis Stadium 5 yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di RSUP. H. Adam Malik Tahun 2017-2018. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Varaei, S., Jalalian, Z., Yekani Nejad, M. S., & Shamsizadeh, M. (2020). Comparison the Effects of Inhalation and Massage Aromatherapy with Lavender and Sweet Orange on Fatigue in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine, 18(1), 193–200.

Wijaya, A. K., & Padila, P. (2019). Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga, Tingkat Pendidikan dan Usia dengan Kepatuhan dalam Pembatasan Asupan Cairan pada Klien ESRD yang Menjalani Terapi Hemodialisa. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 3(1), 393-404.
Abstract viewed = 24 times
pdf downloaded = 8 times