A Text Analysis on Joko Widodo’s Speech Text on Indonesia Independence Day

  • Asep Anwar Siddiq UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
  • Didin Nuruddin Hidayat UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
  • Alek Alek UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
  • Adrefiza Adrefiza Universitas Jambi

Abstract

This study aimed to describe the President's speech text as a critical discourse analysis taken on the Indonesian Republic Secretariat Cabinet website, conveyed by Ir. Joko Widodo as the 7th president of the Republic of Indonesia. The methodology used by the researchers was a descriptive qualitative method. This textual content analysis is base on Van Dijk's design by which the research unit section is divide into three parts: macro-structure, supra structure and microstructure. The study revealed that the textual content was analyzed thematically or the discourse's subject in the macro-structure. The theme of Jokowi's speech was about Indonesia's excellence. It can be seen clearly from almost all the paragraphs in the statement stating one general subject, namely, about Indonesia's superiority. Then, for the supra-structure, Jokowi's speech text is divided into three main elements: opening, content, and closing, which consisted of two opening paragraphs, eighteen content paragraphs, and two closing paragraphs. The last was microstructure. It was analyzed in a semantic way, which refers to the text's social meaning and the language modes used in the text. Semantically, the text of Jokowi's speech was analyzed from its setting, detail, intention, and presupposition. From Jokowi's information, this expression shows that the speech's overall form contained all the speeches delivered by him; opening, filling, and closing. What has become very clear to set Jokowi apart from many other international public figures is that he uses simple language. The things that Jokowi has brought can be an excellent lesson for people when speaking in front of the audience.

Keywords: Critical Discourse Analysis, Jokowi’s Speech Text, Van Dijk’s Design

Author Biographies

Asep Anwar Siddiq, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Asep is a postgraduate student at Department of English Education, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Alek Alek, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Alek is a senior lecturer at Department of English Education, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Adrefiza Adrefiza, Universitas Jambi

Adrefiza is a senior lecturer at Department of English Education, Universitas Jambi

References

Bardici, M. V. (2012). A Discourse Analysis of the Media Representation of Social Media for Social Change: The Case of Egyptian Revolution and Political Change. Thesis. Malmo University

Bayram, F. (2010). Ideology and Political Discourse: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Erdogan’s Political Speech. ARECLS, 7, 23–40

Bilal, H. A., Akbar, H. S., Gul, N., & Sial, M. M. (2012). Critical Discourse Analysis of Political TV Talk Shows of Pakistani Media. International Journal of Linguistics, 4(3), 375-384. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijl.v4i3.2263

Bulan, A., & Kasman, K. (2018). Critical Discourse Analysis of Ahok’s Speech in Kepulauan Seribu. Transformatika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, 2(1), 50-57. https://doi.org/10.31002/transformatika.v2i1.555

David, M. K. (2017). Language, Power and Manipulation: The Use of Rhetoric in Maintaining Political Influence. Frontiers of Language and Teaching, 5(1), 164–170

Fairclough, N. (1995). Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. London: Longman

Gee, J. P., & Handford, M. (2013). The Routledge Handbook of Discourse Analysis. Inggris: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203809068-8

Ghanizadeh, A., Al-Hoorie, A. H., & Jahedizadeh, S. (2020). Higher Order Thinking Skills in the Language Classroom: A Concise Guide. Mashhad: Springer

Herdiana, H., Hidayat, D. N., Alek, A., & Husna, N. (2020). Given and New Information in Barrack Obama Remarks: A Syntactice form of Analysis. Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, 8(4), 458–464. https://doi.org/10.33394/jollt.v8i4.2827

Kone, A. M. (2016). Metaphor in Ir. Soekarno’S Speech. Researchers World : Journal of Arts, Science and Commerce, 7(4(1)), 153–157. https://doi.org/10.18843/rwjasc/v7i4(1)/18

Madkur, A. (2018). A Text Analysis on President Joko Widodo’S Speech at APEC CEO Summit Asia Pacific. Pedagogy : Journal of English Language Teaching, 6(1), 11–22. https://doi.org/10.32332/pedagogy.v6i1.1113

Mirzaee, S., & Hamidi, H. (2012). Critical Discourse Analysis and Fairclough’s Model. ELT Voices - India International Electronic Journal for the Teachers of English, 2(5), 182–191

Priatmoko, F. X. N. A., & Cahyono, S. P. (2013). Critical Discourse Analysis of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Speech. Thesis. Universitas Dian Nuswantoro

Rachman, A., & Yunianti, S. (2017). Critical Discourse Analysis in Donald Trump Presidential Campaign to win Americans’ heart. TELL Journal, 5(2), 8–17

Rosyidi, A. Z., Mahyuni, M., & Muhaimi, M. (2019). Illocutionary Speech Acts Use by Jokowidodo in First Indonesia Presidential Election Debate 2019. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 6(2), 735–740. https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v6i2.760

Van Dijk, T. A. (2005). Critical Discourse Analysis. In E. Schriffin, D. Tannen, & H. E. Hamilton (Eds.), The Handbook of Discourse Analysis. USA: Blackwell Publishers

Van Dijk, T. A. (2006). Ideology and Discourse Analysis. Journal of Political Ideologies, 11(2), 115–140. https://doi.org/10.1080/13569310600687908

Van Dijk, T. A. (2006). Discourse and Manipulation. Discourse and Society, 17(3), 359–383. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926506060250

Wang, J. (2010). A Critical Discourse Analysis of Barack Obama’s Speeches. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 1(3), 254–261. https://doi.org/10.4304/jltr.1.3.254-261
Published
2021-01-31
How to Cite
Siddiq, A., Hidayat, D., Alek, A., & Adrefiza, A. (2021). A Text Analysis on Joko Widodo’s Speech Text on Indonesia Independence Day. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 4(2), 270-284. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/leea.v4i2.1708
Abstract viewed = 7 times
pdf downloaded = 3 times