Students’ Self-Confidence and Their Willingness to Communicate in English
This study aimed to find out the level of students' self-confidence and the level of students' willingness to communicate in English. Furthermore, the main purpose of this study was to find out the correlation between students' self-confidence and their willingness to communicate in English. The researcher adapted the self-confidence questionnaire from Park and Lee (2004) cited in Ningsi (2020). Also, the willingness to communicate questionnaire from Horwitz, Horwitz, and Cope (1986) cited in Rihardini, Yaniafari, and Mukminatien, 2021). This study was conducted to grades 10, 11, and 12 of a private high school in North Sulawesi who were enrolled in the first semester of 2022/2023 academic year. The results were (1) students' self-confidence was moderate with a mean score 3.17; (2) students' willingness to communicate in English was moderate with a mean score 2.85; (3) there was a significant correlation between students' self-confidence and their willingness to communicate in English with r = 0 .575 and p =0.000 < α =0.05). Thus, teachers must try to motivate and find ways to help students be more confident so that the students will be more willing to communicate.
Keywords: English, Self-confidence, Willingness to communicate
Ahya, A. K. (2018). Willingness to communicate in English as a foreign language at a high school: a descriptive qualitative study in 9th grade at YASPIA Islamic Junior High School Bekasi (Doctoral dissertation, UIN Sunan Dunung Djati Bandung). http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/16996
Alenezi, A. A., Alazemi, A. M., & Alnwaiem, A. F. (2021). “Willingness to Communicate In Kuwaiti EFL Classroom Settings.” International Journal of English Language and Linguistics Research, 9(4), 12-26. https://ssrn.com/abstract=3856570
Aoyama, T., & Takahashi, T. (2020). “International students' willingness to communicate in English as a second language: The effects of L2 self-confidence, acculturation, and motivational types.” Journal of International Students, 10(3), 703-723. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v10i3.730
Axelrod, R. H. (2016). 17 leadership and self-confidence. leadership today: Practices for personal and professional performance, 297. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id
Ballane, G. P. (2019). Understanding of self-confidence in high school students (Doctoral dissertation, Walden University).
Diniyah, A. N., Akbar, G. A. M., Akbar, P., Nurjaman, A., & Bernard, M. (2018). “Analisis kemampuan kemampuan penalaran dan self confidence siswa sma dalam materi peluang.” Journal on Education, 1(1), 14-21. https://doi.org/10.31004/joe.v1i1.5
Fatima, I., Ismail, S. A. M. M., Pathan, Z. H., & Memon, U. (2020). “The power of openness to experience, extraversion, l2 self-confidence, classroom environment in predicting l2 willingness to communicate.” International Journal of Instruction, 13(3), 909-924. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1259693
Feltz, D. L. (2007). “Self-confidence and sport performance.” Organizational Dynamics, 33(3), 254-269.
Khajavy, G. H., Ghonsooly, B., Fatemi, A. H., & Choi, C. W. (2014). “Willingness to communicate in English: A microsystem model in the Iranian EFL classroom context.” TESOL Quarterly, 50, 154-180.
Matsuda, S., & Gobel, P. (2004). “Anxiety and predictors of performance in the foreign language classroom.” System, 32(1), 21-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2003.08.002
Mulyono, H., & Saskia, R. (2020). “Dataset on the effects of self-confidence, motivation and anxiety on Indonesian students' willingness to communicate in face-to-face and digital settings.” Data in Brief, 31, 105774. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105774
Nadiah, N. (2019). “The students’ self-confidence in public speaking.” Elite Journal, 1(1), 1-12. http://www.elitejournal.org/index.php/ELITE/article/view/7
Ningsi, D. S. (2020). The influence of teachers’ reinforcement on students’ self-confidence in speaking performance at senior high school 12 Pekanbaru. Thesis UIN SUSKA RIAU, 85. http://repository.uin-suska.ac.id/id/eprint/29277
Oney, E., & Oksuzoglu-Guven, G. (2015). “Confidence: A critical review of the literature and an alternative perspective for general and specific self-confidence.” Psychological Reports, 116(1), 149-163. https://doi.org/10.2466/07.PR0.116k14w0
Rihardini, A. A., Yaniafari, R. P., & Mukminatien, N. (2021). “Students' willingness to communicate using English: A survey study.” Paramasastra: Jurnal Ilmiah Bahasa Sastra dan Pembelajarannya, 8(1), 75-94. https://doi.org/10.26740/paramasastra.v8n1.p75-94
Şen, M., & Oz, H. (2021). Vocabulary Size as a Predictor of Willingness to Communicate Inside the Classroom. In New Perspectives on Willingness to Communicate in a Second Language, 235-259). Springer, Cham. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-67634-6_12
Sener, S. (2014). “Turkish ELT students' willingness to communicate in English.” ELT Research Journal, 3, 91-109.
Tridinanti, G. (2018). “The correlation between speaking anxiety, self-confidence, and speaking achievement of Undergraduate EFL students of private university in Palembang.” International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, 6(4), 35-39.
Vongsila, V., & Reinders, H. (2016). “Making Asian learners talk: Encouraging willingness to communicate.” RELC Journal, 47(3), 331-347.
Watanabe, M. (2013). “Willingness to communicate and Japanese high school English learners.” JALT Journal, 35(2), 153-172.