The Critical Discourse Analysis of Maudy Ayunda’s Speech at Press Conference on the Introduction of the Government Spokesperson for Indonesia's G20 Presidency

The critical discourse analysis

  • Dewa Ayu Made Juli Astari Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha
  • Ni Nyoman Padmadewi Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha
  • Ni Luh Putu Eka Sulistia Dewi Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha


This study aims to describe the transcript of Maudy Ayunda’s speech as a critical discourse analysis taken from a video from Youtube Chanel Liputan 6. Maudy Ayunda is a spokesperson for G20 Presidency in Indonesia. The method used by the researcher was qualitative descriptive with textual content analysis based on Van Dijk’s design. This analysis is divided into four parts: macro-structure, superstructure, superstructure, and microstructure. This study also examines the linguistic aspect. In the macro-structure, the textual content is analyzed thematically. The theme of Maudy Ayunda’s speech was about persuading Indonesian people to participate in making success the G20 Presidency in Indonesia. Then, for the superstructure, the text of Maudy Ayunda’s speech is divided into three main elements, namely: opening, content, and closing. In superstructure analyze the general meaning by providing supporting reasons organized in the opening, content, and closing of the discourse. In micro-structure analyzes semantically, which refers to the social meaning of the text and the persuasive language used in the text. Besides that, Maudy Ayunda used formal language when delivered her speech.


Keywords: Critical Discourse Analysis, Speech, Van Djik


Anggraini, T. R. (2018). Analisis Wacana Kritis Pada Koran Kompas Edisi 24 Mei 2014 . Jurnal Bindo Sastra, 2(2), 253–261.

Assidik, G. K., & Dianastiti, F. E. (2016). Analisis Wacana Pidato Presiden Joko Widodo Pada Peringatan Hari Guru
Nasional Tahun 2015. In Seminar Nasional Kajian Bahasa dan Pengajarannya (pp. 767–773).

Fairclough, Norman. (1995). Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. In Language in social life series (Vol. 81).

Merrita, D. (2021). Nationalism Ideology: Critical Discourse Analysis of Joko Widodo's Speech in Indonesia Presidential
Election. Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching, Literature and Linguistics, 8(1), 112-125.

Maghfiroh, A., & Triyono, S. (2020). The Ideological Embodiment on Nadiem Makarim’s Speech: A Critical Discourse Analysis. Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics, 5(1), 97-111.

Madkur, A. (2018). A Text Analysis On President Joko Widodo’s Speech At Apec Ceo Summit Asian Pacific. Pedagogy Journal of English Language Teaching, 6(1), 11-22.

Muhassin, M. (2021). A Critical Discourse Analysis Of A Political Talk Show On The 2019 Indonesian Presidential Election . Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris, 14(2), 21-50.

Nursanti, R. R., & Triyono, S. (2022). Political-persuasive speech of Indonesian social affairs minister: Critical discourse analyis . LITERA, 21(1), 9-22.

Putranto, T. D., Suyanto, B., Ariadi, S., & Santos, R. R. (2021). The discourse ofmen's facial careproducts in Instagram from the Foucauldian perspective. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi , 5(1), 37-57.

Renaldo, Z. A. (2021). Presupposition And Ideology: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Joe Biden’s Inaugural . Professional Journal of English Education , 4(3), 497-503.

Rovino, D., Afifah, F. N., & Wardani, T. A. A. K. (2021). Fear Rhetoric In The Online News Discourse On The Covid-19 Pandemic In Teun Van Dijk’s Critical Discourse Analysis. Journal of English Language and Culture, 11(2), 75–88

Sujito, Indriana, & Muttaqin, W. M. (2019). Critical Discourse Analysis on Donald Trump’s Strategy Against His Addressee to Win the US Election . IJOTL-TL, 4(1), 26-37. Doi: 10.30957/ijotl-tl.v4i1.554.

Siregar, T. M. (2021). Critical discourse analysis on Joe Biden’s elected president. Journal of Applied Studies in Language, 5(1), 79-89.

Sujatmiko. (2020). Van Dijk Modelling on Critical Discourse Analysis (A Study on Mata Najwa Program ‘Gara-Gara Tagar’ In Trans 7 In September 5th 2018). Journal English Language Teaching And English Linguistics , 5(1).

Siddiq, Hidayat, D. N., Alek, & Adrefiza. (2021). A Text Analysis On Joko Widodo’s Speech Text On Indonesia Independence Day. Linguistic, English Education and Art, 4(2), 270-284.

Van Dijk, T. A. (2008). Discourse and Power (1st ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. 9841.2010.00443_6.x

Van Dijk, T. A. (1993). Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis. Discourse & Society.

Wahyuni, R., & Syamsi, K. (2021). The Analysis of Critical Discourse Analysis in the Speeches of Nadiem Makariem and Muhadjir Effendy at Teacher ’s Day. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation, 1(6), 245–251.

Yanti, N. P. D. E., Putrayasa, I. B., & Artika, I. W. (2019). Analisis Wacana Kritis Teun A. Van Dijk Pada Teks Pidato Klaim Kemenangan Pilpres 2019. Jurnal Imiah Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran, 3(3), 356–362
Abstract viewed = 239 times
PDF downloaded = 182 times