Lexical Relations in Joe Biden's Speech about Plan to Lower Prescription Drugs Cost: Semantics Study

  • Sefina Putri Miharsa Universitas Widyatama
  • Heri Heryono Universitas Widyatama


The purpose of this research is to analyze the types of lexical relations and the types of meanings of lexical relations that appear in Joe Biden's Speech about the plan to reduce prescription drug prices. The method used in this research is qualitative method. The results of this research show that there are eight types of lexical relations and three types of semantic meanings; the types of lexical relations show that from 30 data that have been analyzed, eight synonym data (26.7%), ten antonym data (33.3%), three meronym data (10%), two polysemy data (6.7%), two hyponym data (6.7%), two member-collection data (6.7%), two portion-mass data (6.7%), and one homonym data (3.3%). Meanwhile, the types of semantic meanings found from 60 data that have been analyzed are 51 data of literal meaning (85%), 5 data of semi-idiomatic meaning (8.3%), and 4 data of fully idiomatic meaning (6.7%). Therefore, it can be concluded that the type of lexical relations that appears the most is antonyms at 33.3% and that the most common type of meaning is literal meaning, which is 85%.

Keywords: Lexical relations, Semantics, Speech


Al-qadi, M. J., & Naser, I. M. M. (2022). Lexical Relation Presentations In The Views Of Usage-Based Cognitive Semantics: The Case Of Antonymy, Synonymy, And Polysemy. Journal of Positive School Psychology, 6(6), 2494–2499. https://www.journalppw.com/index.php/jpsp/article/view/7653/5001

Apandi, Rahman, O. S., & Herlina. (2020). Analysing Lexical Relations in Roger ’ S World Class Readings 1 : Semantic Perspective. Voice of English Learners, 1(2), 170–175.

Ariska, Y., Indiarti, W., & Hasibin, N. (2020). An Analysis of Lexical Relations on Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland. LUNAR (Language and Art), 4(2), 177–183. https://ejournal.unibabwi.ac.id/index.php/lunar/article/view/1459/977

Ervina Simatupang, B. C., Fachreza Muharam, A., Basyaib, F., Panji Nagara, A., & Mayil, E. (2020). The Meaning of Idiom “Eye(S)” in the Corpus of Contemporary American English: Semantic Study. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(10), 1331–1339.

Guntar, M. . (2023). Lexical Relations in Kelly Clarkson’S Songs. Linguistik Terapan, 19(3), 191. https://doi.org/10.24114/lt.v19i3.42051

Ilahiyah, S. F. (2020). Lexical Relations and Meaning Properties of Coronavirus in The Jakarta Post most viewed news. Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang. http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/22513/

Isma Farikha Latifatun Nuzulia, & Istiqomah Wulandari. (2020). An Analysis of Lexical Cohesion in Donald Trump’s Speech to the UN General Assembly 2017. IJOLTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics), 5(3), 169–182. https://doi.org/10.30957/ijoltl.v5i3.635

Ma’yuuf, H. H., & Nheir, H. S. (2021). A Semantic Analysis of Lexical Relations in The Iraqi Economic Discourse : The Case of Business Landscape Magazine. Ilkogretim Online - Elementary Education Online, 20(6), 2018–2029. https://doi.org/10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.188

Mandarani, V. (2020). Grammatical and Lexical Cohesion Analysis of Trump’S Speech Upon Soleimani Assassination. Jurnal Basis, 7(1), 131. https://doi.org/10.33884/basisupb.v7i1.1753

Merialfianti, A., & Simatupang, E. C. M. (2023). The Word ‘ LOOK ’ in Corpus of Contemporary American English ( COCA ). Jurnal Sinestesia, 13(2), 1073–1084.

Nainggolan, F., Siahaan, D. A., Sinurat, B., & Herman, H. (2021). An analysis of Figurative Language on Joe Biden’s Victory Speech. International Journal on Integrated Education, 4(3), 364–375. https://journals.researchparks.org/index.php/IJIE/article/view/1514

Ningrum, Y. P. (2021). Lexical Relations and Meaning Properties on Abdullah Yusuf Ali English Translation of Surah Ibrahim. Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim, 1–72.

Norasiah. (2020). Lexical relations and related meanings in surah ar- rahman by abdullah yusuf ali’s translation thesis. Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

Nuraini, E. I., Nathania, M., & Afifah, N. (2024). L exical Cohesion in Shereen Salama ' s speech. Wanastra : Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 16(1), 39–45.

Rafida, T. (2018). Semantic Analysis on Lexical Relations in Pujakesuma Language. JL3T (Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching), 4(2), 17–35. https://doi.org/10.32505/jl3t.v4i2.754

Septiria, S. O. (2022). A semantics analysis of lexical relations in english textbook grade by KEMENDIKBUD RI. Universitas Islam Riau Pekanbaru.

Setianingrum, D. A., Mujiyanto, J., & Fitriati, S. W. (2021). The Use of Semantic Lexical Relation in Rowling’s “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.” English Education Journal, 11(1), 159–165. https://doi.org/10.15294/eej.v11i1.35892

Sidabutar, U. (2021). An Analysis of Lexical Cohesion on the Students’ Writing. JETAL: Journal of English Teaching & Applied Linguistic, 2(2), 62–67. https://doi.org/10.36655/jetal.v2i2.533

Simatupang, E. C. (2019). Syntactic and Semantic Analysis on Slogans of Aviation Companies in Asean Countries. English Journal Literacy Utama, 3(2), 123–131. https://doi.org/10.33197/ejlutama.vol3.iss2.2019.273

Siregar, W. R., Lubis, R., & Sinaga, Y. (2021). An Analysis of Lexical Relation In English Translation of Al-Qur’an Surah Al-Kahf. The Second International Conference of TBI, 2(1), 66–85. http://etd.iain-padangsidimpuan.ac.id/7317/%0Ahttp://etd.iain-padangsidimpuan.ac.id/7317/1/1720300031.pdf

Syarifuddin, S., & Hasyim, I. (2020). Semantic Analysis In English High School Handbooks. British, Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra Inggris, 9(september 2016), 1–6.

Wahyuningsih, S. (2018). A Discourse Analysis Personal Pronouns in Donald Trump’s Inauguration Speech. ELLiC Proceedings, 2, 346–350.
Abstract viewed = 1 times
PDF downloaded = 0 times