Promoting Students’ Communication Skill through the Application of Project Based Learning

  • Farida Nova Kurniawati Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Susanto Susanto Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Ahmad Munir Universitas Negeri Surabaya


The aim of this research is to describe how Project Based Learning promotes students’ ability to communicate ideas. Qualitative was used as the research method of this research. The subjects of this research were five students were chosen as the subject of this research. They were in the ninth grade in one of state Islamic schools in a relative big city. The researcher collected the data from observation and the recording video of the process of making the project which was wall magazine. All the data from observation were in the form of verbal data. After analyzing the data, the result shows the students can reach all of indicators of communicating ideas with eight examples as the evidences. In short, it can be concluded that Project Based Learning can promote students’ communication skill particularly students’ ability to communicate with others.

Keywords: project based learning, communication skill


Allwright, D., & Bailey, K. M. (1991). Focus on the language classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bakar, N. I., Noordin, N., & Razali, A. B. (2019). Improvig oral communicative competence in English using project based learning activities. English Language Teaching (ELT), 12(4), 73-84. doi:

Bell, S. (2010). Project based learning for the 21st century: Skills for the future. The Clearing House: A Journal of Strategies, 83(2), 39-43.

Brown, H., & Lee, H. (2015). Teaching by principle: An interactive approach to language pedagogy (4th ed.). New York: Pearson Education, Inc.

Dooly, M. (2013). Promoting competency-based language teaching through project based language learning. In M. Canado, Competency-based language teaching in higher education (pp. 77-91). London: Springer. doi:

Eyring, J. (1991). Experiential language learning. In M. Celce-Murcia, Teaching English as a second or foreign language (2nd ed., pp. 346-357). Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

Hadim, H. A., & Esche, S. (2002). Enhancing the engineering curriculu through project based learning. Frontiers in Education, 2. doi:0-7803-7444-4/02/$17.00

Harmer, J. (2004). The practice of English language teaching (3rd ed.). Essex: Pearson Education Limited.

Kamisah, Mukhaiyar, & Radjan, D. (2013). Improving students' speaking skill through project based learning teachnique at class IIIB of third semester students. Journal of English Language Teaching, 1(3).

Kemendikbud. (2014). Materi pelatihan implementasi kurikulum 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Kemendikbud. (2016). Undang-undang nomor 22 tahun 2016 tentang standar proses pendidikan dasar dan menengah. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Kemendikbud. (2017). SIlabus mata pelajaran SMA/MA/SMK/MAK mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Kemendikbud. (2018). Kemendikbud tingkatkan kesiapan guru hadapi tantangan abad ke-21. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Retrieved from

Kolb, D. A. (2015). Experiential Learning (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Kovalyova, Y., Soboleva, A., & Kerimkulov, A. (2016). Project based learning in teaching communication skills in ENglish as foreign language to engineering students. iJET, 11(4). Retrieved from

Larasati, A. (2015). Improving students' writing skills through project based learning technique at grade XI SMAN 2 Sleman in the academic year of 2014/2015. Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta State University.

Lubis, N., Lubis, A., & Ashadi, R. I. (2018). Integrating teaching models to enhance EFL students' interpersonal communication skill and creativity. International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies (IJELS), 6(4), 129-137. doi:

Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. (2006). Designing qualitative research (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication.

Maulany, D. (2010). Maulany, D.B. The use of project based learning in improving the students speaking skill (a classroom action research at one of primary schools in Bandung). Journal of English and Education, 1(1), 30-42.

Miles, M., Huberman, A., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: A methods sourcebook (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication, Inc.

NEA. (2012). Preparing 21st century students for a global society: An educator's guide to the "Four Cs". Washington DC: National Education Association.

P21. (2009). A framework for 21st century learning. North Carolina: Partnership of 21st Century Skills. Retrieved from http:/ / documents/p21_framework_ definitions_052909.pdf

Papanikolaou, K., & Boubouka, M. (2010). Promoting collaboration in a project based learning context. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 43(2), 135-155. doi:

Praba, L., Artini, L., & Ramendra, D. (2018). Project based learning and writing skill in EFL: Are they related? SHS Web Conferences, 42(00059). Retrieved from https://doi.0rg/10/1051/shsconf/20184200059

Pratomo, B. (2014). The use of project based learning to improve the students' swriting skills at class VIIF of SMP Negeri 7 Magelang in the academic year of 2013/2014. Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta State University.

Rawat, D. (2016). Importance of communication in teaching learning process. Sholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies (SRJIS), 4(26).

Sawamura, S. (2010). Assessment in project based language learning. Hawaii Pacific University TESOL, 8(1,2), 44-49.

Sholihah, U. (2017). Project based learning to improve students' writing capability. Science, Engineering, Education, and Development Studies (SEEDs) Conference Series, 1(1), 57-72.

Sirisrimangkorn, L. (2018). The use of project based learning focusing on drama to promote speaking skills of EFL learners. Advance in Language and Literary Studies (ALLS), 9(6), 14-20. doi:

Stoller, F. (2002). Project-work: A means to promote language and content. In J. Richards, & W. Renandya, Methodology in language teaching: AN anthology of current practice (pp. 107-120). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sumarni, W. (2015). The strengths and weaknesses of the implementation of project based learning: A review. International Journal of Science and Research, 4(3), 478-484.

Thi, N. (2011). Project based learning in teaching English as a foreign language. VNU Journal of Science, Foreign Languages, 27, 140-146.

Torres, A. M., & Rodriguez, L. F. (2017). Increasing EFL learners' oral production at a public school through project based learning. PROFILE, 19(2), 57-71. doi:

Yiying, Z. (2015). Project based learning in Chinese college English listening and speaking course: From theory to practice. Canadian Social Science, 11(9), 40-44.
How to Cite
Kurniawati, F., Susanto, S., & Munir, A. (2019). Promoting Students’ Communication Skill through the Application of Project Based Learning. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 3(1), 26-44.
Abstract viewed = 262 times
PDF downloaded = 197 times