Language Variation in Lexical Variables of Madurese Terms of Address Used by Youths in Bondowoso Regency: A Sociolinguistic Investigation

  • Alfi Hidayatu Miqawati Politeknik Negeri Jember

Abstract

This study attempts to investigate the usage of address terms among youths (university students) across a range of situations in Bondowoso.  A qualitative method with an ethnographic approach was deployed. Fifteen most representative students were taken as the source of data. The data were obtained through participatory and non-participatory observation interviews, and a questionnaire. The findings show that the students employ different terms of address, both when they address people and when they address themselves for others. The ways of addressing other people used are based on their age, social or educational status, and or their kinship relationship. The terms to address others and to address themselves for others are classified into four levels; the least polite, polite, more polite, and the most polite. They use be’na or be’en, sampeyan/sampiyan, panjenengan, ajunan to address others and engkok/sengkok, kaule, dhalem, and abdina to address themselves to others. In addition, the lexical variation occuring when they address people using the least polite way is based on their geographical distribution. From the findings, it can be concluded that politeness strategy in terms of address among youths in Bondowoso exists and its implementation varies depending on their interlocutors (social) and the subdistricts where they live (geographical.

Keywords: terms of address, politeness strategy, youths, Madurese language

References

Arapah, E., & Mu’in, F. (2017). Politeness in using Banjarese and American English personal subject pronouns by English Department students of Lambung Mangkurat University. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 8(2), 253–270.

Arini, D. N. (2016). Politeness Distinction: Terms Of Address Used By Banjerese Youth In Daily Life. Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English, 2(2), 233–248.

Gan, A. D., David, M. M. K., & Dumanig, F. P. (2015). Politeness strategies and address forms used by Filipino domestic helpers in addressing their Malaysian employers. Language in India, 15(1), 46–73.

Haryono, A. (2018). Communication patterns among kiais of Nahdlatul Ulama in the Madurese ethnic group. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(3), 714–726.

Hei, K. C., David, M. K., Kia, L. S., & Soo, A. P. (2011). Openings and closings in front counter transactions of Malaysian government hospitals. The Journal of the South East Asia Research Centre for Communication and Humanities, 3, 13–30.

Kramsch, C., & Widdowson, H. G. (1998). Language and culture. Oxford University Press.

Muttaqin, S., Sahiruddin, S., & Rodliyah, I. N. (2019). Language Variations In Madurese across Regions and Age Groups: Looking at Syntactic and Lexical Variations among Regions and Age Groups. KLAUSA (Kajian Linguistik, Pembelajaran Bahasa, dan Sastra), 3(01), 45–56.

Putri, N. A. (2017). THe Language Maintenance and Language Shift of Madurese Stylistic Level Among Youths in Sumenep Regency, Madura Island, East Java. Language Contact and Language Ch
ange, 178–184.

Ryabova, M. (2015). Politeness Strategy in Everyday Communication. 6.

Wardhaugh, R. (2011). An introduction to sociolinguistics. John Wiley & Sons.
Published
2019-12-25
How to Cite
Miqawati, A. (2019). Language Variation in Lexical Variables of Madurese Terms of Address Used by Youths in Bondowoso Regency: A Sociolinguistic Investigation. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 3(1), 150-158. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/leea.v3i1.997
Abstract viewed = 75 times
pdf downloaded = 76 times