Pengaruh Kepemimpinan, Pengawasan, dan Kepuasan Kerja terhadap Disiplin Kerja Pegawai

  • Syukur Arman Mendrofa Universitas Terbuka
  • Sahyar Sahyar Universitas Terbuka
  • Beby Karina Fawzeea Universitas Terbuka

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of leadership, supervision, and job satisfaction on work discipline either simultaneously or partially. The research method used is a quantitative survey research method with a sampling technique using a census sampling technique, namely all employees with the status of echelon III, echelon IV and employees who have analytical positions as samples. The data analysis technique was carried out using multiple linear regression analysis approach, correlation test, determination test, simultaneous test and partial test. The results showed that the partial t-test value of the leadership variable on employee work discipline, the supervisory variable on employee work discipline, and the job satisfaction variable on employee work discipline respectively, namely tcount 3,723 > ttable 2,056, tcount 3,502 > ttable 2,056, tcount 8,341 > ttable 2,056. The regression equation is Y= 2.226 + 0.168 X1 + 0.324 X2 + 0.507 X3 + e. While the result of R Square is 0.969. In conclusion, simultaneously the variables of leadership, supervision, and job satisfaction have a positive effect in improving work discipline. while partially the three independent variables have a positive effect on improving work discipline.

Keywords: Work Discipline, Leadership, Job Satisfaction, Supervisory Employees

References

Agnes, A., & Wijaya, A. F. (2021). Information System Strategic Planning Using Ward and Peppard Framework At the Regional Secretariat of Bengkayang Regency, the Organization Section. Sebatik, 25(1), 131–137. https://doi.org/10.46984/sebatik.v25i1.1283

Ali, S. A., Mustapha, K., J, J., Elias, S., & Norazmi, M. (2021). Financial Elements In Job Satisfaction Of Special Education Teachers In Malaysia Syahrul. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education, 12(11), 5229–5233. https://turcomat.org/index.php/turkbilmat/article/view/6738

Askani, A., & Densi, D. (2018). Analisis Disiplin Kerja Pegawai Negeri Sipil pada Kantor Kecamatan Selebar Kota Bengkulu. MIMBAR : Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Dan Politik, 7(1), 9-16. https://doi.org/10.32663/jpsp.v7i1.417

Berger, J. (2020). The Catalyst: How to Change Anyone’s Mind. New York: Simon & Schuster

Berman, S. O., Andika, C. B., & Prasetya, A. B. (2020). A Literature Review: Does Transformational Leadership impact and Effective in the Public Bureaucratic. International Journal of Sociology, Policy and Law (IJOSPL), 01(01), 44–50. http://www.ijospl.org

Bugdol, M. (2018). A Different Approach to Work Discipline: Models, Manifestations and Methods of Behaviour Modification. Switzerland: AG part of Springer Nature

Bundy, J., Vogel, R. M., & Zachary, M. A. (2018). Organization–Stakeholder Fit: A Dynamic Theory of Cooperation, Compromise, and Conflict Between an Organization and Its Stakeholders. Strategic Management Journal, 39(2), 476–501. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.2736

Cui, L., Wang, Y., Chen, W., Wen, W., & Han, M. S. (2021). Predicting Determinants of Consumers’ Purchase Motivation for Electric Vehicles: An Application of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Model. Energy Policy, 151, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2021.112167

Dwiyanto, A. (2021). Reformasi Birokrasi Publik di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: UGM Press

Fang, Y. C., Chen, J. Y., Wang, M. J., & Chen, C. Y. (2019). The Impact of Inclusive Leadership on Employees’ Innovative Behaviors: The Mediation of Psychological Capital. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01803

Halimah, H. (2020). Pembinaan Pegawai Negeri Sipil pada Dinas Pendidikan Kabupaten Pidie (Studi Implimentasi Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 12 Tahun 2002 Tentang Kenaikan Pangkat Pegawai Negeri Sipil). Jurnal Sosial Humaniora Sigli, 1(2), 69–88. https://doi.org/10.47647/jsh.v1i2.126

Heli, H., Senin, M. S., Yunus, M., Vellu, K., George, A. J., & Norazmi, M. (2021). A Review Of The Educational Leaderships Theory For Special Education Perspective Turkish. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education, 12(11), 5217–5223. https://turcomat.org/index.php/turkbilmat/article/view/6736

Hoffmann, W., & Shipilov, A. (2018). The Interplay of Competition and Cooperation. Strategic Management Journal, 39(12), 1-37. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.2965

Hoque, K. E., Kenayathulla, H. B., Subramaniam, M. V., & Islam, R. (2020). Relationships Between Supervision and Teachers’ Performance and Attitude in Secondary Schools in Malaysia. SAGE Open, 10(2), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244020925501

Hougaard, R., & Carter, J. (2018). The Mind of The Leader: How to Lead Yourself, Your People, and Your Organization for Extraordinary Results. Boston: Harvard Business Press

John, A., Qadeer, F., Shahzadi, G., & Jia, F. (2019). Getting Paid to Be Good: How and When Employees Respond to Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Cleaner Production, 215, 784–795. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.074

Kalliola, S., & Mahlakaarto, S. (2020). Methods of Promoting Professional Agency at Work. Challenges, 11(2), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3390/challe11020030

Karwan, D., Hariri, H., & Ridwan, R. (2021). Visionary Leadership: What, Why, and How. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Progressive Education, ICOPE, 1-22. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.16-10-2020.2305217

Kiessling, T., Salas, S., Mutafoglu, K., & Thiel, M. (2017). Who Cares About Dirty Beaches? Evaluating Environmental Awareness and Action on Coastal Litter in Chile. Ocean and Coastal Management, 137, 82–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2016.11.029

Kim, S. J. (2021). Crisis Leadership: An Evolutionary Concept Analysis. Applied Nursing Research, 60, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2021.151454

Kleshinski, C. E., Wilson, K. S., Stevenson-Street, J. M., & Scott, B. A. (2021). Principled Leader Behaviors: An Integrative Framework and Extension of Why Leaders are Fair, Ethical, and Nonabusive. Academy of Management Annals, 15(1), 1–36. https://doi.org/10.5465/annals.2019.0029

Kololi, R. Y. O. S. E., Pangkey, M., & Londa, V. (2018). Implementasi Kebijakan Disiplin PNS pada Pemerintah Kecamatan Kao Utara Kabupaten Halmahera Utara. Jurnal Administrasi Publik, 4(58), 1-8. https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/JAP/article/view/19778/19377

Loan, L. T. M. (2020). The Influence of Organizational Commitment on Employees’ Job Performance: The Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction. Management Science Letters, 10(14), 3307–3312. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2020.6.007

Loan, L. T. M., Thu, N. T. A., & Dung, N. T. T. (2020). Exploring Organizational Justice in Vietnam Universities: A Study of Effects on Lecturers’ Work Engagement. Organizatsionnaya Psikhologiya, 10(2), 23–24. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/exploring-organizational-justice-in-vietnam-universities-a-study-of-effects-on-lecturers-work-engagement

Lu, X., Xie, B., & Guo, Y. (2018). The Trickle-Down of Work Engagement from Leader to Follower: The Roles of Optimism and Self-Efficacy. Journal of Business Research, 84, 186–195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.11.014

Malik, M. F., & Khan, M. A. (2020). “Tracking Engagement through Leader” Authentic Leadership’s Consequences on Followers’ Attitudes: A Sequential Mediated Mode. International Journal of Public Administration, 43(10), 831–838. https://doi.org/10.1080/01900692.2019.1659817

Manik, S. (2017). Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Disiplin Kerja Pegawai Kantor Camat Pendalian IV Koto Kabupaten Rokan Hulu. International Journal of Social Science and Business, 1(4), 257–264. http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/ijssb.v1i4.12526

Manley, K., & Titchen, A. (2017). Manley, K., & Titchen, A. (2017). Facilitation Skills: The Catalyst For Increased Effectiveness in Consultant Practice and Clinical Systems Leadership. Educational Action Research, 25(2), 256–279. https://doi.org/10.1080/09650792.2016.1158118

Marcus, P. (2017). The Psychoanalysis o Career Choice, Job Performance, and Satisfaction: How to Flourish in The Workplace. New York: Routledge

Marineau, J. E. (2017). Trust and Distrust Network Accuracy and Career Advancement in an Organization. Group and Organization Management, 42(4), 487–520. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601115627529

Mulyani, S. R., Sari, V. N., & Sari, M. W. (2019). The Model of Employee Motivation and Cooperative Employee Performance. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 20(2), 379–390. https://doi.org/10.17512/pjms.2019.20.2.32

Murphy, J., Rhodes, M. L., Meek, J. W., & Denyer, D. (2017). Managing the Entanglement: Complexity Leadership in Public Sector Systems. Public Administration Review, 77(5), 692–704. https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.12698

Noltemeyer, A., James, A. G., Bush, K., Bergen, D., Barrios, V., & Patton, J. (2021). The Relationship between Deficiency Needs and Growth Needs: The Continuing Investigation of Maslow’s Theory. Child and Youth Services, 42(1), 24–42. https://doi.org/10.1080/0145935X.2020.1818558

Patra, P. T., & Saputra, A. (2020). Analisis Faktor-Faktor Mempengaruhi Kinerja Pegawai pada Dinas Pendidikan Kabupaten Cirebon. Syntax Literate ; Jurnal Ilmiah Indonesia, 5(6), 202-208. https://doi.org/10.36418/syntax-literate.v5i6.1336

Putri, E. M., Ekowati, V. M., Supriyanto, A. S., & Mukaffi, Z. (2019). the Effect of Work Environment on Employee Performance Through Work Discipline. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 7(4), 132–140.
https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v7.i4.2019.882

Rahmi, A., Achmad, G. N., & Adhimursandi, D. (2020). The Effect of Leadership and Empowerment Style and Motivation on Work Discipline and Employee Performance in Sungai Kunjang Subdistrict, Samarinda City. International Journal of Business and Management Invention (IJBMI), 9(3), 8–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.23291.95528

Ritala, P., & Stefan, I. (2021). A Paradox Within the Paradox of Openness: the Knowledge Leveraging Conundrum in Open Innovation. Industrial Marketing Management, 93, 281–292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2021.01.011

Sabarofek, S. M., Sawor, P. H., & Bajari, M. (2020). Pengaruh Disiplin Kerja dan Kemampuan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja PNS Dinsos Papua Barat. Cakrawala Management Business Journal, 3(1), 562–570. https://journal.feb.unipa.ac.id/index.php/cmbj/article/view/56

Saira, S., Mansoor, S., & Ali, M. (2021). Transformational Leadership and Employee Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Psychological Empowerment. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 42(1), 130–143. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-05-2020-0189

Sharma, R., & Mishra, D. K. (2020). The Role of Safety Training in Original Equipment Manufacturing Companies on Employee Perception of Knowledge, Behavior Towards Safety and Safe Work Environment. International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering, 10(5), 689–698. https://doi.org/10.18280/ijsse.100514

Slemp, G. R., Lee, M. A., & Mossman, L. H. (2021). Interventions to Support Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness Needs in Organizations: a Systematic Review with Recommendations for Research and Practice. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 94(2), 427–457. https://doi.org/10.1111/joop.12338

Stinglhamber, F., Caesens, G., Chalmagne, B., Demoulin, S., & Maurage, P. (2021). Leader–Member Exchange and Organizational Dehumanization: The Role of Supervisor’s Organizational Embodiment. European Management Journal. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2021.01.006

Suhudi, N. E., Sunaryo, H., & Priyono, A. A. (2018). Pengaruh Motivasi Kerja, Kepemimpinan dan Budaya Organisasi terhadap Kinerja Karyawan (Kantor Kecamatan Babulu Kabupaten Penajam Paser Utara, Kalimantan Timur). Jurnal Ilmiah Riset Manajemen, 7(02), 71-80. http://riset.unisma.ac.id/index.php/jrm/article/view/1042/1071

Teck L. G. H., & Chyong H. C. M. (2021). A New Decade for Social Changes. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 16, 229–233. https://doi.org/10.47577/tssj.v24i1
Published
2021-11-08
How to Cite
Mendrofa, S., Sahyar, S., & Fawzeea, B. (2021). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan, Pengawasan, dan Kepuasan Kerja terhadap Disiplin Kerja Pegawai. Journal Of Administration and Educational Management (ALIGNMENT), 4(2), 130-140. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/alignment.v4i2.2942
Abstract viewed = 0 times
pdf downloaded = 0 times