Self Management Pasien Hipertensi dalam Mengontrol Tekanan Darah

  • Nurarifah Nurarifah Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Palu
  • Risna Damayanti Universitas Megarezky


This study aims to explore the self-management of hypertensive patients during treatment in the Mamboro Public Health Center Work Area. The research method in this study is a qualitative study with a phenomenological approach. The results of the study consisted of six themes, namely diet, physical activity, smoking, antihypertensive medication, blood pressure checks, and social support. Participants have tried to be able to maintain self-management in controlling blood pressure through a healthy lifestyle and adhere to antihypertensive medication but there are some obstacles that caused the participants to not comply with the advice given by health workers such as side effects, long-term treatment. Participants know that Moringa leaves have properties to lower blood pressure but the processing is still not appropriate. In conclusion, increasing understanding to improve self-management of hypertensive patients is appropriate to control blood pressure through the development of self-management improvement modules.


Keywords: Hypertension, Self Management, Qualitative Study


Andari, F., Vioneery, D., Panzilion, P., Nurhayati, N., & Padila, P. (2020). Penurunan
Tekanan Darah pada Lansia dengan Senam Ergonomis. Journal of Telenursing
(JOTING), 2(1), 81-90.

Andri, J., Karmila, R., Padila, P., Harsismanto, J., & Sartika, A. (2019). Pengaruh
Terapi Aktivitas Senam Ergonomis terhadap Peningkatan Kemampuan
Fungsional Lansia. Journal of Telenursing, 1(2), 304–313.

Andri, J., Padila, P., Sartika, A., Andrianto, M. B., & Harsismanto, J. (2021). Changes of Blood Pressure in Hypertension Patients Through Isometric Handgrip Exercise. JOSING: Journal of Nursing and Health, 1(2), 54-64.

Andri, J., Permata, F., Padila, P., Sartika, A., & Andrianto, M. B. (2021). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Pasien Hipertensi Menggunakan Intervensi Slow Deep Breathing Exercise. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 5(1), 255-262.

Andri, J., Waluyo, A., Jumaiyah, W., & Nastashia, D. (2018). Efektivitas Isometric
Handgrip Exercise dan Slow Deep Breathing Exercise terhadap Perubahan
Tekanan Darah pada Penderita Hipertensi. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 2(1),

Boitchi, A. B., Naher, S., Pervez, S., & Anam, M. M. (2021). Patients’ Understanding, Management Practices, and Challenges Regarding Hypertension: A Qualitative Study among Hypertensive Women in a Rural Bangladesh. Heliyon, 7(7), e07679.

Bricarello, L. P., de-Moura, S, A., de-Almeida, A. M., Retondario, A., Fernandes, R., Santos, D. M E. B., Zanette,R. Z, L. A., & de Assis, G. D. F. (2020). Association Between Dash Diet (Dietary Approaches To Stop Hypertension) and Hypertension in Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional School-Based Study. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, 36(xxxx), 69–75.

Demirtürk, E., & Hacıhasanoğlu-Aşılar, R. (2018). The Effect Of Depression On Adherence To Antihypertensive Medications In Elderly Individuals With Hypertension. Journal of Vascular Nursing, 36(3), 129–139.

Estrada, D., Sierra, C., Soriano, R. M., Jordán, A. I., Plaza, N., & Fernández, C. (2019). Grade of Knowledge of Hypertension in Hypertensive. Enfermería Clínica (English Edition), 30(2), 99-107.

Gbankoto, A., Sindete, M., Adjagba, M., Sangare, M., Attakpa, E., & Awede, B. (2019). Antihypertensive Effects of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Extract Lam. (Moringaceae) In ng-nitro-l-Arginine-Methyl Ester-Induced Hypertensive Rats. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9(0), 1.

Goyal, P., Balkan, L., Ringel, J. B., Hummel, S. L., Sterling, M. R., Kim, S., Arora, P., Jackson, E. A., Brown, T. M., Shikany, J. M., Judd, S. E., Safford, M. M., & Levitan, E. B. (2021). The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet Pattern and Incident Heart Failure. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 27(5), 512–521.

Irawan, O. (2017). Pengaruh Terapi Rendam Air Hangat pada Kaki Sambil
Mendengarkan Musik Klasik terhadap Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada
Penderita Hipertensi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Basuki Rahmad Kota
Bengkulu. Poltekkes Kemenkes Bengkulu

Johnson, H. M., Sullivan-Vedder, L., Kim, K. M., McBride, P. E., Smith, M. A., LaMantia, J. N., Fink, J. T., Knutson-Sinaise, M. R., Zeller, L. M., & Lauver, D. R. (2019). Rationale and Study Design of the My Heart study: A Young Adult Hypertension Self-Management Randomized Controlled Trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 78(November 2018), 88–100.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2018). Laporan Kinerja Dinas Kesehatan Tahun 2018

Ko, D., Bratzke, L. C., & Roberts, T. (2018). Self-Management Assessment in Multiple Chronic Conditions: A Narrative Review of Literature. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 83, 83–90.

Lee, C. C., Enzler, C. J., Garland, B. H., Zimmerman, C. J., Raphael, J. L., Hergenroeder, A. C., & Wiemann, C. M. (2021). The Development of Health Self-Management Among Adolescents With Chronic Conditions: An Application of Self-Determination Theory. Journal of Adolescent Health, 68(2), 394–402.

Lusno, M. F. D., Haksama, S., Wulandari, A., & Sriram, S. (2020). Association between Smoking and Hypertension as a Disease Burden in Sidoarjo : A Case-Control Study. International Journal of Applied Biology, 4(2), 9–16.

Nyaaba, G. N., Masana, L., de-Graft, A. A., Beune, E., & Agyemang, C. (2020). Factors Hindering Hypertension Control: Perspectives of Front-Line Health Professionals in Rural Ghana. Public Health, 181, 16–23.
Permata, F., Andri, J., Padila, P., Andrianto, M. B., & Sartika, A. (2021). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Pasien Hipertensi Menggunakan Teknik Alternate Nostril Breathing Exercise. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 3(2), 60-69.

Rahimlou, M., Grau, N., Banaie -Jahromi, N., Taheri, M., Khosravi, A., Mavrommatis, Y., & Mohammadifard, N. (2022). Association of Adherence to the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension and Mediterranean Diets with Blood Pressure in a Non-Hypertensive Population: Results from Isfahan Salt Study (ISS). Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 32(1), 109–116.

Rashidi, A., Kaistha, P., Whitehead, L., & Robinson, S. (2020). Factors that Influence Adherence to Treatment Plans Amongst People Living with Cardiovascular Disease: A Review of Published Qualitative Research Studies. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 110, 103727.

Sailesh, K. S., Jabir, P. K., Madhusudhan, U., Archana, R., & Mukkadan, J. K. (2020). Effect of Moringa Oliefera Leaves on Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Patients. Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology, 5(3), 350–352.

Sartika, A., Betrianita, B., Andri, J., Padila, P., & Nugrah, A. V. (2020). Senam Lansia Menurunkan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 2(1), 11-20.

Sartika, A., Wardi, A., & Sofiani, Y. (2018). Perbedaan Efektivitas Progressive Muscle
Relaxation (PMR) dengan Slow Deep Breathing Exercise (SDBE) terhadap
Tekanan Darah Penderita Hipertensi. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 2(1), 356–

WHO. (2020a). Global Action Plan for the Prevention And Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2013-2020

WHO. (2020b). Global Ncd Target Reduce High Blood Pressure

Yatim, H. M., Wong, Y. Y., Neoh, C. F., Lim, S. H., Hassali, M. A., & Hong, Y. H. (2019). Factors Influencing Patients ’ Hypertension Self- Management and Sustainable Self-Care Practices : A Qualitative Study. Public Health, 173, 5–8.
How to Cite
Nurarifah, N., & Damayanti, R. (2022). Self Management Pasien Hipertensi dalam Mengontrol Tekanan Darah. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 5(2), 641-649.
Abstract viewed = 110 times
pdf downloaded = 138 times