Analysis of Students’ Vocabulary in Learning English

  • Ivan Susanto Salawazo Universitas Prima Indonesia
  • Marintan Simbolon Universitas Prima Indonesia
  • Vivi Enjelia Hutabarat Universitas Prima Indonesia
  • Achida N Veronika Universitas Prima Indonesia
  • Erikson Saragih Universitas Prima Indonesia


The purpose of this study was to analysis students’ vocabulary in learning English of Ninth grade at SMP Swasta Yayasan Pangeran Antasari, Medan in the academic year of 2018/2019. The researchers used descriptive qualitative method to describe and implementing factual condition and characteristic. There are 72 students that decided two classes at ninth grade as the population. But the researcher only took one class consists of 36 students as the sample. To collecting data, researchers use questionnaire and vocabulary comprehension test as procedure. In analyzing the data, the researchers identifying the difficulties of students’ vocabulary and cause difficulties by analyzing students answer sheets and their mistakes. There were 25 students (70%) incorrect answer in the questions. There were 6 students (16%) in modal, there were 8 students (23%) in simple past tense, There were 8 students ( 24 %) in simple present tense, 3 students (7%) troubled in simple continuous tense. Meaning.  Students who gave incorrect answer in the questions were  29 students (82%). Others difficulties is translation being other types of the questions that examined in this research. it was found that there were 23 students (64%) who were unable to give the correct answer. Concluding the cause difficulties of students’ vocabulary in learning English are the first students difficulties in pronouncing the words. Grammatical form be the second cause because the written form is different from the spoken form in english. The last, students does not give their attention to study english more, knowing a words much more, and limitations their time to sources of information about new words vocabulary. The last, forgot the  words easily.

Keywords : Analysis Students’ Vocabulary, Difficulties, Cause


Andriani, D., & Sriwahyuningsih, V. (2019). An Analysis of Students’ Mastery of Vocabulary. Universitas Putra Indonesia YPTK Padang. ELT-Lectura, 6(2), 169-176.

Gazlianty. (2011). Improving Vocabulary Skill by Using Puzzle Game: A Class-Action Research at Second Grade of SMAN 1 Narmada. Unpublished Thesis.

Jarperson. (2007). Word Formation: Prefixes and suffixes. Journal of Student Vocabulary, 22(1), 71-97.

Lowenberg. (1991). English as a Foreign Languange in Indonesia. Word Englishes, 10(3), 133-145

Muara. (1980). Grammar and Vocabulary Mastery on Students’ Reading Comprehension. ReadingResearch Quarterly, 20(2), 522-535.

Napa. (1991). Vocabulary Learning and Teaching. Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.

Nation. (2001). Principle of Language Learning and Teaching Vocabulary. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc.

Rahman, F. (2016). An Analysis of Students’ Difficulties in Vocabulary Mastery. University of Mataram. Journal. 4(2), 115- 119

Setiyaningsih. (2009). Practising Maritime English Vocabulary and Developing through the Wall Dictation, 3(2), 72-74.

Thornbury, S. (2002). How to Teach Vocabulary. London: Longman

Wilkins, T. (2004). How to Teach Vocabulary. England: Pearson Education Limited.
How to Cite
Salawazo, I., Simbolon, M., Hutabarat, V., Veronika, A., & Saragih, E. (2020). Analysis of Students’ Vocabulary in Learning English. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 3(2), 469-475.
Abstract viewed = 15 times
pdf downloaded = 6 times