Students’ Comprehension and Difficulties on Reading Descriptive Text at SMA Swasta Pencawan Medan

  • Herna Sianturi Universitas Prima Indonesia
  • Christina Siahaan Universitas Prima Indonesia
  • Syarifah Isma Dinda Universitas Prima Indonesia
  • Yenita Br Sembiring Universitas Prima Indonesia


This research aims to find out the student's Reading Descriptive Text. The method used in this research is qualitative; the study was conducted at SMA Swasta Pencawan Medan with the samples were 30 students of XI MIA-2. The researcher used multiple-choice with ten questions, reading tests, and interviews. The data collected from the students' scores. The result showed that there is 0 student or 0 % who was categorized excellent, there were two students or 6,67% who were classified as very good, there were seven students or 23,3 % who categorized as good, there were seven students or 23,3% were categorized as fair, there were five students or 16,7 % who were classified unsatisfactory. There were nine students or 30 % who were categorized very poorly. So, from the result, the researcher can conclude that the students were still in the poor category.

Keywords: reading, comprehension; reading comprehension problem; descriptive


Brown, H., D. (2003). Reading on Second Language Acquisition. New York: Longman.

Carroll, R., T. (2004). Critical thinking. Retrieved in 2012, March, from Todd-Carroll.

Dian H.,N, (2019) An Analysis of Students’ Difficulties in Comprehending Narrative Text at Senior High School 8 Mandau. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau.

Haryadi, P., & Wennyta, N., F. (2018). An Analysis of Students’ Ability In Writing Descriptive Text at The Tenth Grade Students of SMAN 11 Jambi Academic Year.Jelt: Journal of English Language teaching, 2(2)

Kennedy, E,. C. (1981). The Method of Teaching Development Reading. Washington: Peacock Publisher.

Moats, L., C. (2001). Teaching reading is rocket science: What expert teachers of reading should know and be able to do. Washington, DC: American Federation of Teachers.

Mahmud, M. (2014). The EFL students’ problems in answering the test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL): A study in the Indonesian context. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 4(12): 2581 -258

Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English Language Teaching.New York: McGraw – Hill Companies, Inc.

Oberholzer, B. (2005). The Relationship Between Reading Difficulties and Academic Performance (Submitted in part fu1fiIment of the requirements for the degree of M Ed (Ed. Psych) in the Department of Educational Psychology at the University of Zululand, 2005).

Salam, R., S., 2018. Analysis of Students’ Reading Comprehension of Descriptive Text at Seventh Grade at SMP Pangeran Antasari Medan. STKIP Riama Medan.

Shalahuddin. (1991). Students motivation learning. Washington DC : American federation

Siahaan, J. (2013). An Analysis of Students’ Ability and Difficulties in Writing Descriptive Texts. Bandung: Alphabeta

Snow. (2010). Reading Comprehension For Learning In Harvard Graduate School of Education, Cambridge Journal (5) 5.

Syakira, A (2016). Analysis of the Students' Reading Comprehension in Comprehending Descriptive Text. In Journal Surakarta Kartawijaya Sekolah Tinggi Sakti Alam Kerinci.

Woolley, G. (2011). Teaching English. In Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 33 (2), 108-125.
How to Cite
Sianturi, H., Siahaan, C., Dinda, S., & Sembiring, Y. B. (2020). Students’ Comprehension and Difficulties on Reading Descriptive Text at SMA Swasta Pencawan Medan. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 3(2), 265-273.
Abstract viewed = 143 times
pdf downloaded = 89 times