How They Claim The Victory: A Rhetorical Analysis On Indonesian Presidential Candidates’ Victory Speeches Within Pragma-Stylistic Framework
This study is a rhetorical analysis of the victory speech of Indonesian presidential candidates in a national election held on April 17th, 2019. This study aims to know the features of the pragma-stylistic mainly on speech act analysis as presented in the speeches related to winning claims by the candidates of the presidential election after the general election. This study attempts to identify and analyze the manifested speech within the pragma-stylistics framework, which is the speech act. This study assessed both presidential candidates’ victory speeches after the general election in Indonesia year 2019. The victory speeches were the speeches of Mr Joko “Jokowi” Widodo from Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Pembangunan (Indonesia Democratic Party of Struggle) and Mr Prabowo Subianto from Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya (Great Indonesia Movement). The speech acts theory was employed to analyze the presented data in this study. The data were obtained from the great news platforms in Indonesia. The result showed that assertive appeared as the most frequent type used in the speeches. The result was reasonable due to the goal of the speech, which was to address the data obtained by both candidates and assure people that they deserved the place as the next Indonesian president.
Keywords: Rhetorical analysis, Pragma-Stylistic Framework, Indonesian Presidential Candidates’ Victory Speeches
Akinwotu, S. A. (2013). A Speech Act Analysis of the Acceptance of Nomination Speeches of Chief Obafemi Awolowo and Chief M.K.O. Abiola. English Linguistics Research, 2(1), 43–51. https://doi.org/10.5430/elr.v2n1p43
Austin, J. (1975). How to do things with words. Oxford University Press.
Beard, A. (2000). The Language of Politics. Routledge.
Biria, R., & Mohammadi, A. (2012). The socio pragmatic functions of inaugural speech: A critical discourse analysis approach. Journal of Pragmatics, 44(10), 1290–1302. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2012.05.013
Crick, N. (2017). Rhetorical Public Speaking; Civic Engagement in the Digital Age (3rd ed.). Routledge.
Cutting, J. (2005). Pragmatics and discourse: A resource book for students. Routledge.
Fish, S. E. (1976). How to Do Things with Austin and Searle: Speech Act Theory and Literary Criticism. MLN, 91(5), 983–1025. https://doi.org/10.1080/02722017109481317
Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (2017). Discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research, 1–271. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203793206
Griffin, E. (2012). Communication (8th ed.). McGraw-Hill Companies.
Herrick, J. A. (2008). The History and Theory of Rhetoric. Allyn & Bacon.
Indonesia, U. U. D. N. R. (1945). Tahun 1945; Gramedia.
Jasinski, J. (2011). Sourcebook on Rhetoric. Sage Publication.
Josiah, U. E., & Johnson; Johnson, S. E. (2012). Pragmatic Analyses of President Goodluck Jonathan’s and President Barack Obama’s Inaugural Addresses. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(12), 261–278.
Komisi Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia. (2019). Penetapan Nomor Urut Pasangan Calon Peserta Pemilihan Umum Presiden dan Wakil Presiden Tahun 2019. https://www.kpu.go.id/index.php/pages/detail/JeSqEc1fXjJYRPKcpgzvL3ROzWtaD-YTQBZ8j2IfYUlNHiGQybwRnVw84Y48bSv-I_IJcgAaCtg_dbTotB21Tg~~/_j5WYXnaR2tESm9C_7h_m0fU1VLH54m_mNZB4s8sodL0IR6F6sGVihSGOpHCuLi9MGWINqx-okmBLOcD3SchNg~~
Lakoff, R. (1990). Talking power: The politics of language in our lives. Basic Books.
Leech, G. (2016). Principles of pragmatics. Longman.
Liu, D., & Lei, L. (2018). The appeal to political sentiment: An analysis of Donald Trump’s and Hillary Clinton’s speech themes and discourse strategies in the 2016 US presidential election. Discourse, Context & Media, 25, 143–152. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.DCM.2018.05.001
Mehl, M. (2017). Principles of Communication : Public Speaking. Pearson.
Noermanzah, Emzir, & Lustyantie, N. (2018). President Joko Widodo’s rhetorical technique of arguing in the presidential speeches of the reform era. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 7(5). https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.7n.5p.117
Nyarwi, A. (2021). Presidential rhetoric in the COVID-19 pandemic era: Jokowi’s Aristotelian rhetorical leadership models before and after implementation of semi-lock down policy. Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v6i1.538
Osborn, M., Osborn, S., & Osborn, R. (2012). Public Speaking Finding Your Voice (9th ed.). Allyn & Bacon.
Searle, J., & Searle, J. (1969). Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. Cambridge University Press.
Thornborrow, J. (2002). Power Talk: Language and Interaction in Institutional Discourse (J. Coates, J. Cheshire, & E. Eric (eds.)). Routledge.
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics: Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press.