Efektivitas Biolarvasida Kombinasi Ekstrak Daun Sirsak (Annona muricata) dan Bunga Marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) sebagai Pembasmi Jentik Nyamuk

  • Yuniar Trisna Wardana Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Aminah Asngad Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Abstract

This research aims to determine the effectiveness of using a biolarvicide combination of soursop leaf extract and marigold flowers as an exterminator for mosquito larvae. This research included a laboratory experiment using a completely randomized 2 factorial design. The first factor is a combination of soursop leaf extract and marigold flowers, namely, a) 75%:25% (F1); b) 50%:50% (F2); c) 25%:75% (F3). The second factor is the treatment dose, namely, a) 1% (D1); b) 2% (D2); c) 2.5% (D3). Each factor was repeated 3 times. Data analysis uses a non-parametric test, namely Kruskal-Wallist. The results of the study showed that the soursop leaf and marigold flower extract formula 75%:25% was most effective against mosquito larvae mortality at a dose of 2.5% within an observation period of 6 hours. In conclusion, soursop leaf and marigold flower extracts are effective mosquito larva repellents.

Keywords: Biolarvicide, Marigold Flowers, Soursop Leaves, Effectiveness, Mosquito Larvae

References

Ahyanti, M., & Yushananta, P. (2022). Kombinasi Ekstrak Daun Tapak Dara (Catharanthus roseus) dan Daun Sirsak (Annona muricata) sebagai Bio-Larvasida. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Ruwa Jurai, 16(3), 113–123. https://ejurnal.poltekkes-tjk.ac.id/index.php/JKESLING/article/view/Mei%20Ahyanti%3B%20Prayudhy%20Yushananta

Akbar, F., Rivaldy, W., Ahmad, H., Askur, & Rusdi, M. (2023). Efektivitas Daun Sirsak (Annona muricata) dalam Mematikan Larva Nyamuk Aedes aegypti. Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan Suara Forikes, 14(3), 6–9. http://forikes-ejournal.com/index.php/SF

Chin, A. C., Chen, C. D., Low, V. L., Lee, H. L., Azidah, A. A., Lau, K. W., & Sofian-Azirun, M. (2017). Comparative Efficacy of Commercial Mosquito Coils Against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Malaysia: A Nationwide Report. Journal of Economic Entomology, 0(0), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/tox183

Deshpande, S. N., & Kadam, D. G. (2019). Phytochemical Analysis of Flower Extracts of Tagetes Erecta L . and their Antibacterial Efficacy Against Streptococcus Mutans. International Journal of Pharmavy and Biological Sciences, 9(2), 69–76. https://www.ijpbs.com/ijpbsadmin/special/ijpbsspecial_5d454d970b89a.pdf

Fajriansyah, & Sartika, I. (2022). Pengaruh Ekstrak Daun Pepaya (Carica papaya Linn) Terhadap Larvasida Aedes aegypti. Jurnal SAGO Gizi Dan Kesehatan, 3(2), 157–162. https://doi.org/10.30867/gikes.v3i2.926

Hisyam, M., Adelia, A. R., Afifa, A. R., Dewi Eka, P., Qurrota, L. R., Zulfikar, M. F., Yustisari, P., Repti, P. F., Wivana, B. R. V., Aminatul, S. S., & Setiawan, C. D. (2020). Pengetahuan dan Pola Penggunaan Insektisida Antinyamuk oleh Ibu Rumah Tangga di Kelurahan Mojo Surabaya. Jurnal Farmasi Komunitas, 6(2), 38–45.

Kusuma, I. G. N. B. P. B., Ratna, N. K. A. N., Kalalinggi, A. G., & Widarta, I. W. R. (2020). Aktivitas Antioksidan dan Evaluasi Sensoris Teh Herbal Bunga Gumitir (Tagetes erecta L.). Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi Pertanian Agrotechno, 5(2), 39–48. https://doi.org/10.24843/jitpa.2020.v05.i02.p01

Melliska, C. E. (2022). Efektivitas Larvasida Ekstrak Daun Sirsak ( Annnona Muricata Lina) Terhadap Kematian Jentik Culex Sp (Studi Kasus di Gampong Purwodadi, Kecamatan, Kuala Pesisir, Kabupaten Nagan Raya). PREPOTIF : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 6(2), 1782–1786. https://doi.org/10.31004/prepotif.v6i2.4592

Nguyen, M. T., Nguyen, V. T., Minh, L. V., Trieu, L. H., Cang, M. H., Bui, L. B., Le, X. T., & Danh, V. T. (2020). Determination of the Phytochemical Screening, Total Polyphenols, Flavonoids Content, and Antioxidant Activity of Soursop Leaves (Annona muricata Linn.). IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 736(6), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/736/6/062011

Nur, A., Jannah, U. Y., & Salnus, S. (2020). Efektifitas Ekstrak Daun Allamanda cathartica L. dalam Membasmi Jentik Nyamuk. Jurnal Kesehatan Panrita Husada, 5(2), 128–137. https://ojs.stikespanritahusada.ac.id/index.php/jkph/article/view/338

Onesiforus, B. Y., Rinihapsari, E., & Fatmasari, D. (2023). Perbandingan Efektivitas Seduhan Kulit Nanas (Ananas comosus) dengan Temephos 1 % sebagai Biolarvasida Nyamuk Culex sp . Jurnal Anestesi: Junral Ilmu Kesehatan Dan Kedokteran, 1(3), 282–291. https://jurnal.stikeskesdam4dip.ac.id/index.php/Anestesi/article/view/1058

Pranoto, M. E. (2020). Uji Toksisitas Ekstrak Serai ( Cymbopogon sp .) Terhadap Mortalitas Larva Nyamuk Aedes aegypti Toxicity. Jurnal Farmasi Tinctura, 2(1), 25–33. https://journal.ibrahimy.ac.id/index.php/tinctura/article/view/1544

Sirait, S. M., Wicaksono, B. A., Savilla, M., Amelia, O., & Sitasari, S. (2023). Kombinasi Ekstrak Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera) dan Ekstrak Daun Kersen (Muntingia calabura) sebagai Larvasida Terhadap Larva Aedes aegypti. Majalah Farmasi Dan Farmakologi, 27(4), 25–29. https://doi.org/10.20956/mff.Special

Suling, L., Augustina, I., & Fatmaria, F. (2020). Uji Daya Bunuh Ekstrak Etanol 70% Kelakai (Stenochlaena palustris (Burm. F.) Bedd) Terhadap Larva Instar III Aedes aegypti. Herb-Medicine Journal, 3(1), 6–11. https://doi.org/10.30595/hmj.v3i1.6375
Published
2024-05-16
Abstract viewed = 14 times
pdf downloaded = 12 times