Meditasi Mindfulness dengan Deep Focus Music terhadap Tekanan Darah dan Stres pada Penderita Hipertensi Lanjut Usia

  • Elina Situmorang Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani
  • Neti Juniarti Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Agus Riyanto Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani
  • Nurharlinah Nurharlinah Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani
  • Oop Ropei Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation with deep focus music on blood pressure and stress in elderly hypertensive patients at the Sukabumi Nursing Home. This research is a quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control group with a pretest and posttest. The results showed that all sexes were female, with 17 people (100%) in the control and intervention groups aged 60-70. Eight people (47.1%) were in the intervention group and the control group, six people (35.3%) aged> 70 years, nine people (52.9%) in the intervention group, and 11 people (64.7%) in the control group, had no comorbidities in the intervention group 12 people (70.6%). The control group, 14 people (82, 4% 5), had comorbidities. In the intervention group, five people (29.4%). The control group, three people (17.6%), did not take hypertension herb medicine, and the intervention group and the control group, 17 people (100%). No physical exercise was done in the intervention group, and in the control group, 17 people (100%). In conclusion, mindfulness with deep-focus music effectively affects systolic blood pressure and stress levels. In contrast, on diastolic blood pressure, mindfulness meditation with deep focus music at the Sukabumi Nursing Home has no effect.

 

Keywords: Deep Focus Music, Hypertension, Elderly, Mindfulness Meditation, Stress

References

An, A., Hoang, H., Trang, L., Vo, Q., Tran, L., Le, T., Le, A., McCormick, A., Old, K. D., Williams, N. S., Mackellar, G., Nguyen, E., Luong, T., Nguyen, V., Nguyen, K., & Ha, H. (2022). Investigating the Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Stress Level and Brain Activity of College Students. IBRO Neuroscience Reports, 12, 399–410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibneur.2022.05.004

Andari, F., Vioneery, D., Panzilion, P., Nurhayati, N., & Padila, P. (2020). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia dengan Senam Ergonomis. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 2(1), 81-90. https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v2i1.859

Andri, J., Permata, F., Padila, P., Sartika, A., & Andrianto, M. B. (2021). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Pasien Hipertensi Menggunakan Intervensi Slow Deep Breathing Exercise. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 5(1), 255-262. https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v5i1.2917

Andri, J., Padila, P., Sartika, A., Andrianto, M. B., & Harsismanto, J. (2021). Changes of Blood Pressure in Hypertension Patients Through Isometric Handgrip Exercise. JOSING: Journal of Nursing and Health, 1(2), 54-64. https://doi.org/10.31539/josing.v1i2.2326

Andri, J., Waluyo, A., Jumaiyah, W., & Nastashia, D. (2018). Efektivitas Isometric Handgrip Exercise dan Slow Deep Breathing Exercise terhadap Perubahan Tekanan Darah pada Penderita Hipertensi. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 2(1), 371-384. https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v2i1.382

Conversano, C., Orrù, G., Pozza, A., Miccoli, M., Ciacchini, R., Marchi, L., & Gemignani, A. (2021). Is Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Effective for People with Hypertension? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 30 Years of Evidence. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(6), 2882. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062882

Felsted K. F. (2020). Mindfulness, Stress, and Aging. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 36(4), 685–696. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cger.2020.06.010

Harsismanto, J., Andri, J., Payana, T., Andrianto, M. B., & Sartika, A. (2020). Kualitas Tidur Berhubungan dengan Perubahan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 2(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.31539/jka.v2i1.1146

Márquez, P. H. P., Feliu-Soler, A., Solé-Villa, M. J., Matas-Pericas, L., Filella-Agullo, D., Ruiz-Herrerias, M., Soler-Ribaudi, J., Roca-Cusachs Coll, A., & Arroyo-Díaz, J. A. (2019). Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation in Reducing Blood Pressure and Stress in Patients with Arterial Hypertension. Journal of Human Hypertension, 33(3), 237–247. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41371-018-0130-6

Mikolasek, M., Berg, J., Witt, C. M., & Barth, J. (2018). Effectiveness of Mindfulness- and Relaxation-Based eHealth Interventions for Patients with Medical Conditions: A Systematic Review and Synthesis. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 25(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-017-9679-7

Muntner, P., Shimbo, D., Carey, R. M., Charleston, J. B., Gaillard, T., Misra, S., Myers, M. G., Ogedegbe, G., Schwartz, J. E., Townsend, R. R., Urbina, E. M., Viera, A. J., White, W. B., & Wright, J. T. J. (2019). Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979), 73(5), e35–e66. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYP.0000000000000087

Park, S. H., & Han, K. S. (2017). Blood Pressure Response to Meditation and Yoga: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), 23(9), 685–695. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2016.0234

Permata, F., Andri, J., Padila, P., Andrianto, M., & Sartika, A. (2021). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Pasien Hipertensi Menggunakan Teknik Alternate Nostril Breathing Exercise. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 3(2), 60-69. https://doi.org/10.31539/jka.v3i2.2973

Raditya, U. (2021). Pengaruh Terapi Meditasi Mindfulness Spiritual Islam terhadap Perubahan Tekanan Darah pada Penderita Hipertensi di Puskesmas Jaten. Universitas Kusuma Husada Surakarta. http://eprints.ukh.ac.id/id/eprint/2506

Rechenberg, K., Cousin, L., & Redwine, L. (2020). Mindfulness, Anxiety Symptoms, and Quality of Life in Heart Failure. The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 35(4), 358–363. https://doi.org/10.1097/JCN.0000000000000630

Restyana, A., & Probosiwi, N. (2020). Analisis Efektivitas Biaya Antihipertensi Oral Candesartan dan Amlodipin pada Pasien Hipertensi Rawat Inap Rs X Kediri. Java Health Jounal, 7(1). doi:10.1210/jhj.v7i1.371

Sartika, A., Andri, J., & Padila, P. (2022). Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) Intervention with Slow Deep Breathing Exercise (SDBE) on Blood Pressure of Hypertension Patients. JOSING: Journal of Nursing and Health, 2(2), 65-76. https://doi.org/10.31539/josing.v2i2.3485

Sartika, A., Betrianita, B., Andri, J., Padila, P., & Nugrah, A. V. (2020). Senam Lansia Menurunkan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 2(1), 11-20. https://doi.org/10.31539/joting.v2i1.1126

Witte, M. D., Pinho, A. D. S., Stams, G. J., Moonen, X., Bos, A. E. R., & Hooren, S. V. (2022). Music Therapy for Stress Reduction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Health Psychology Review, 16(1), 134–159. https://doi.org/10.1080/17437199.2020.1846580

Wright, K. D., Klatt, M. D., Adams, I. R., Nguyen, C. M., Mion, L. C., Tan, A., Monroe, T. B., Rose, K. M., & Scharre, D. W. (2021). Mindfulness in Motion and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) in Hypertensive African Americans. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 69(3), 773–778. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.16947
Published
2022-11-29
Abstract viewed = 197 times
pdf downloaded = 203 times