Meditasi Mindfulness dengan Deep Focus Music terhadap Tekanan Darah dan Stres pada Penderita Hipertensi Lanjut Usia

  • Elina Situmorang Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani
  • Neti Juniarti Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Agus Riyanto Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani
  • Nurharlinah Nurharlinah Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani
  • Oop Ropei Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani


This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation with deep focus music on blood pressure and stress in elderly hypertensive patients at the Sukabumi Nursing Home. This research is a quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control group with a pretest and posttest. The results showed that all sexes were female, with 17 people (100%) in the control and intervention groups aged 60-70. Eight people (47.1%) were in the intervention group and the control group, six people (35.3%) aged> 70 years, nine people (52.9%) in the intervention group, and 11 people (64.7%) in the control group, had no comorbidities in the intervention group 12 people (70.6%). The control group, 14 people (82, 4% 5), had comorbidities. In the intervention group, five people (29.4%). The control group, three people (17.6%), did not take hypertension herb medicine, and the intervention group and the control group, 17 people (100%). No physical exercise was done in the intervention group, and in the control group, 17 people (100%). In conclusion, mindfulness with deep-focus music effectively affects systolic blood pressure and stress levels. In contrast, on diastolic blood pressure, mindfulness meditation with deep focus music at the Sukabumi Nursing Home has no effect.


Keywords: Deep Focus Music, Hypertension, Elderly, Mindfulness Meditation, Stress


An, A., Hoang, H., Trang, L., Vo, Q., Tran, L., Le, T., Le, A., McCormick, A., Old, K. D., Williams, N. S., Mackellar, G., Nguyen, E., Luong, T., Nguyen, V., Nguyen, K., & Ha, H. (2022). Investigating the Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Stress Level and Brain Activity of College Students. IBRO Neuroscience Reports, 12, 399–410.

Andari, F., Vioneery, D., Panzilion, P., Nurhayati, N., & Padila, P. (2020). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia dengan Senam Ergonomis. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 2(1), 81-90.

Andri, J., Permata, F., Padila, P., Sartika, A., & Andrianto, M. B. (2021). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Pasien Hipertensi Menggunakan Intervensi Slow Deep Breathing Exercise. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 5(1), 255-262.

Andri, J., Padila, P., Sartika, A., Andrianto, M. B., & Harsismanto, J. (2021). Changes of Blood Pressure in Hypertension Patients Through Isometric Handgrip Exercise. JOSING: Journal of Nursing and Health, 1(2), 54-64.

Andri, J., Waluyo, A., Jumaiyah, W., & Nastashia, D. (2018). Efektivitas Isometric Handgrip Exercise dan Slow Deep Breathing Exercise terhadap Perubahan Tekanan Darah pada Penderita Hipertensi. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 2(1), 371-384.

Conversano, C., Orrù, G., Pozza, A., Miccoli, M., Ciacchini, R., Marchi, L., & Gemignani, A. (2021). Is Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Effective for People with Hypertension? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 30 Years of Evidence. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(6), 2882.

Felsted K. F. (2020). Mindfulness, Stress, and Aging. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 36(4), 685–696.

Harsismanto, J., Andri, J., Payana, T., Andrianto, M. B., & Sartika, A. (2020). Kualitas Tidur Berhubungan dengan Perubahan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 2(1), 1-11.

Márquez, P. H. P., Feliu-Soler, A., Solé-Villa, M. J., Matas-Pericas, L., Filella-Agullo, D., Ruiz-Herrerias, M., Soler-Ribaudi, J., Roca-Cusachs Coll, A., & Arroyo-Díaz, J. A. (2019). Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation in Reducing Blood Pressure and Stress in Patients with Arterial Hypertension. Journal of Human Hypertension, 33(3), 237–247.

Mikolasek, M., Berg, J., Witt, C. M., & Barth, J. (2018). Effectiveness of Mindfulness- and Relaxation-Based eHealth Interventions for Patients with Medical Conditions: A Systematic Review and Synthesis. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 25(1), 1–16.

Muntner, P., Shimbo, D., Carey, R. M., Charleston, J. B., Gaillard, T., Misra, S., Myers, M. G., Ogedegbe, G., Schwartz, J. E., Townsend, R. R., Urbina, E. M., Viera, A. J., White, W. B., & Wright, J. T. J. (2019). Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979), 73(5), e35–e66.

Park, S. H., & Han, K. S. (2017). Blood Pressure Response to Meditation and Yoga: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), 23(9), 685–695.

Permata, F., Andri, J., Padila, P., Andrianto, M., & Sartika, A. (2021). Penurunan Tekanan Darah pada Pasien Hipertensi Menggunakan Teknik Alternate Nostril Breathing Exercise. Jurnal Kesmas Asclepius, 3(2), 60-69.

Raditya, U. (2021). Pengaruh Terapi Meditasi Mindfulness Spiritual Islam terhadap Perubahan Tekanan Darah pada Penderita Hipertensi di Puskesmas Jaten. Universitas Kusuma Husada Surakarta.

Rechenberg, K., Cousin, L., & Redwine, L. (2020). Mindfulness, Anxiety Symptoms, and Quality of Life in Heart Failure. The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 35(4), 358–363.

Restyana, A., & Probosiwi, N. (2020). Analisis Efektivitas Biaya Antihipertensi Oral Candesartan dan Amlodipin pada Pasien Hipertensi Rawat Inap Rs X Kediri. Java Health Jounal, 7(1). doi:10.1210/jhj.v7i1.371

Sartika, A., Andri, J., & Padila, P. (2022). Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) Intervention with Slow Deep Breathing Exercise (SDBE) on Blood Pressure of Hypertension Patients. JOSING: Journal of Nursing and Health, 2(2), 65-76.

Sartika, A., Betrianita, B., Andri, J., Padila, P., & Nugrah, A. V. (2020). Senam Lansia Menurunkan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia. Journal of Telenursing (JOTING), 2(1), 11-20.

Witte, M. D., Pinho, A. D. S., Stams, G. J., Moonen, X., Bos, A. E. R., & Hooren, S. V. (2022). Music Therapy for Stress Reduction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Health Psychology Review, 16(1), 134–159.

Wright, K. D., Klatt, M. D., Adams, I. R., Nguyen, C. M., Mion, L. C., Tan, A., Monroe, T. B., Rose, K. M., & Scharre, D. W. (2021). Mindfulness in Motion and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) in Hypertensive African Americans. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 69(3), 773–778.
Abstract viewed = 197 times
pdf downloaded = 203 times